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a. xantocrómico-a, de apariencia amarillenta o relacionado-a con la xantocromía.
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The patient had lumbar puncture done which revealed xanthochromic CSF fluid with a lymphocytic pleocytosis: WBC count of 234/[mm.sup.3] (94% lymphocytes), glucose of 17 mg/dL, and CSF protein of 90 mg/dL.
Comparison of extraction was determined by a serial 10fold dilutions prepared in four different diluents (ultrapure water, turbid, xanthochromic, and hemorrhagic CSF pools known negative for TBM) from a 0.5 McFarland (1.5 x [10.sup.8] CFU/mL) suspension of M.
We might suspect as well cases where xanthochromic fluid was found intraoperatively, like in the examples of Ruchoux et al.
cases Appearance Viscosity Mucin colour/ clot test clarity 1 Normal 6 Straw/clear High Good Synovial fluid 2 Osteoarthritis 4 Pale yellow/ High Good clear 3 Traumatic 4 Haemorrhagic/ High Good arthritis xanthochromic 4 Neuropathic 1 Straw/clear High Good 5 Villonodular 1 Straw/clear High Good synovitis 6 Rheumatoid 6 Yellowish to Low Fair to arthritis Greenish/ poor cloudy 7 Tuberculous 8 Yellow/turbid Low Poor arthritis 8 Chronic 16 Yellow/clear high Fair to nonspecific good synovitis 9 Gouty 1 Yellow/ Low Good arthritis cloudy 10 Septic 2 Yellow, Low Very arthritis grey/turbid poor 11 AVN femoral 1 Blood Low QIS * head stained Sl.
In a patient who has a negative CT scan but has a history typical for an aneurysmal SAH, a lumbar puncture will rarely disclose xanthochromic CSF, which is diagnostic for SAH.
One (2%) patients developed excruciating occipital headache in which CSF was xanthochromic and the CT scan brain showed extensive subarachnoid hemorrhage due to AV malformation diagnosed on CT Angiography.
CSF has been reported as xanthochromic or bloody in 134 patients (64% of all published cases).