xenodochium


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xenodochium

(ˌzɛnəˈdɒkɪəm)
n
(Roman Catholic Church) RC Church a guesthouse in a medieval monastery for housing pilgrims or strangers, or for receiving the poor
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

xenodocheum, xenodochium

a building’ or special place for the reception of strangers. Also called xenodochy.
See also: Foreigners
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(528 d.C.): "(...) si quis vero donationes usque ad quingentos solidos in quibuscumque rebus fecerit vel in sanctam ecclesiam vel in xenodochium vel in nosocomium vel in orphanotrophium vel in ptochotrophium vel in ipsospauperes vel in quamcumque civitatem, istae donationes etiam citra actorum confectionem convalescant sin vero amplioris quantitatis donatio sit, excepta scilicet imperiali donatione, non aliter valeat, nisi actis intimata fuerit: nul danda licentia quacumque alia causa quasi pietatis iure subnixa praeter eas, quas specialiter exposuimus, introducenda veterum scita super intimandis donationibus permutare .
Ptochium enim aliud est xenodochium, aliud ptochotrophium, aliud orphanotrophium, aliud geruntocomium, aliud brephotrophium.
Adverte Lisboa (1998) que varias expressoes passaram a segmentar e agregar nocoes de tipos de hospitais, como por exemplo: o gynetrophyum (hospital para mulheres), o ptochodochium ou potochotrophium (asilo para pobres), o poedotrophium (asilo para criancas), gerontokomium (asilo para velhos), xenodochium ou xenotrophium (silo e refugio para viajantes e estrangeiros), arginaria (asilo para os incuraveis), orphanotrophium (orfanato), hospitium (lugar onde hospedes eram recebidos) e asylum (abrigo ou algum tipo de assistencia aos considerados loucos).
These institutions, she argues, grew out of pre-Christian sites of healing and Byzantine xenodochium (houses for travelers) and functioned as places of "abjection" and "jettisoning," as well as places of healing (23).