From the nameless God of an illiterate Bronze Age desert nomad we have received the innumerable sects, branches, cults, and bastard children of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, and the inarguably impressive influence that faith in this God continues to exert in world affairs today--but let us pause at the outset to get ourselves away from the danger of clumsy sectarian nomenclatures and establish the term Yahwism
for that great collection of beliefs, practices, and rituals that owe their ultimate origin to the fantastical divine lord of the Hebrew patriarch Abraham.
His proposal that Yahwism
bound the Hebrew people together at least as early as the late thirteenth or early twelfth centuries, if not earlier (200), is based on the so-called old poetry in the Hebrew Bible, but without detailed study.
He ponders such matters as the Aramaic papyri and bullae, the face of the Persian empire and its administration, Yahwism
and the question of government in Yehud, and concepts of theocracy.
Substantial points of difference remain, however, related to the gulf that existed between Egyptian religion and the revelatory theology of Yahwism
Written by Andre Lemaire (professor of Hebrew and Aramaic philology and epigraphy), The Birth of Monotheism: The Rise and Disappearance of Yahwism
is a scholarly, serious-minded examination of the concept of a single, universal God, as traced from its precursor in the religion of ancient Israel through the evolution of classic monotheism during Babylonian Exile and beyond.
In Cross's view, the optimistic pro-Josianic writer or writers framed Israel's history with certain key themes: covenantal Yahwism
, condemnation of foreign alliances, cultic practices, gods, support for the Davidic dynasty, and emphasis on the Jerusalem temple and its centralized sacrificial cult.
Patriarchal Narratives and Mosaic Yahwism
, Overtures to Biblical Theology (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 1992).
On the level of the history of religions a distinction has to be made between Yahwism
and Judaism, Judaism being the form that the ancient Yahwistic religion adopted in the Hellenistic period.
The decrease of hypocoristic theophoric names and the increase in theophoric names, especially the increase of the yahwistic theophoric elements as a group, may indicate the spread of yahwism
The birth of monotheism; the rise and disappearance of Yahwism
believes the palpable difference between the religious world of Genesis and of Yahwism
cries out for an explanation, and the explanation is largely sociological: the religion of the ancestors is family piety.
Nihan concurs with Albertz that the term ger in the Holiness Code does not refer to "proselyte," and he develops this point further to make the case that there was no drive to integrate him or her completely in the cultic community or convert these resident aliens to Yahwism