Dubcovsky's account brings into view the challenges, opportunities, and periodic violence that resulted from the protracted exchanges between, on the one hand, the numerous Indian nations of the region (the Timucua, the Apalachee, the Guale, the Yamasee
, the Upper and Lower Creek, and the Cherokees), and, on the other, the competing imperial projects of three nations: of the Spanish (in La Florida), of the French (along the Mississippi), and of the English (in South Carolina and then Georgia).
Fortunate to study works with noted Haudenosauneee scholars, thinkers, and activists--John Mohawk (Seneca), Barry White (Seneca), Rick Hill (Tuscarora), Oren Lyons (Onondaga), and Don Grinde (Yamasee
) who founded the Indigenous Studies program at the State University of Buffalo--I learned from them the ways in which Haudenosaunee cosmology informed the rich legacy of political thought and philosophy propounded by the historical figure called the Peacemaker who brought the "Great Law" to their people.
For example, during the bloody Yamasee
War (1715-1717) in South Carolina, nearly half of the colonist militia forces deployed were slaves.
Ivers presents a comprehensive examination of the conflict between South Carolinians and the Yamasee
Indians in 1715.
Eventually, militia leaders Brice and Colonel John Barnwell managed to organize several hundred white militia and hundreds of Catawba, Cherokee and South Carolina Yamasee
In 1715, the Yamasee
War began as members of the Yamasee
tribe attacked English settlers in colonial South Carolina.
The Anglican approach was more top-down, manifesting in an early attempt at sending a converted Yamasee
Prince to the Carolinas for mission work, but this effort floundered, producing no converted Cherokee or Creek royalty.
We Cherokee and other tribes fought against them in the Yamasee
War and the American Revolution.
Only in the aftermath of the Tuscarora and Yamasee
Wars, which substantially realigned Indian politics in the Southeast, would Virginia impose the name of crime on cross-cultural transgressions.
(32) Only the devastating Tuscarora and Yamasee
Wars of 1715-18 turned
The War of the Spanish Succession and the Seven Years' War demonstrated their local and regional impacts in the intensification of attacks and raids by British-supported Amerindian groups like the Yamasee
and then the Uchisi on the Calusa and other groups in the southern peninsula, and by the responses of besieged indigenes, which entailed a combination of fight and flight: some to a fortified St.
Augustine in 1728 when an unsuccessful attempt was made to obtain a Yamasee
break with the Spaniards" and assumes that this event refers to Tomochichi.