"And the Yanktons
, and the burnt-wood Tetons, who live in the elbow of the river, 'with muddy water,' do they not come into the lodges of the Loups and smoke?"
Hunt and his party were sojourning at the village of the Omahas, three Sioux Indians of the Yankton
Alma tribe arrived, bringing unpleasant intelligence.
In the aftermath of the Spirit Lake depredation, Inkpaduta and his band fled west to join Yanktonais and Yanktons
Sioux bands in the area of Vermillion, South Dakota.
Even more horrifying for the Yanktons
, whose culture places great emphasis on honoring the ancestors, was the corps' plan to raise the river level within a week--an action that would have swept the remains downstream.
In 1928, the Yanktons
, now resettled on a reservation 150 miles away, sold their pipestone land claim, retaining quarry rights, to the federal government for $100,000 plus 6 percent interest going back to the year 1891.
This hoop held the Yanktons
together as a people, despite all of their problems of poverty and dislocation, even after the Second World War.