Yemen Arab Republic


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Yem′en Ar′ab Repub′lic


n.
a former country in SW Arabia: since 1990 a part of the Republic of Yemen. Cap.: San‘a. Also called North Yemen.
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President Ali Abdullah Saleh has been the president of North Yemen (the Yemen Arab Republic) since 1978 and the president of united Yemen since 1990.
That lasted until May 1990, when it united with the Yemen Arab Republic in the north, which Saleh, a former army colonel, had led since taking power in July 1978.
However, Crawford warned that since assuming power of what was the Yemen Arab Republic in 1978, Yemeni president Ali Abdullah Saleh had showed a propensity for ruthlessness and manipulation.
However, Mr Crawford warned that since assuming power of what was the Yemen Arab Republic in 1978, Yemeni president Ali Abdullah Saleh had showed a propensity for ruthlessness and manipulation.
Following the 1962 military coup in Yemen, Egypt's military fought to prop the Republican regime against the Royalist insurgents who were aided by the Saudi Arabia which did not recognize the Yemen Arab Republic until 1970.
In 1970, Saudi Arabia, which had been the principal opponent of the Sana'a regime since it was first installed, suddenly announced their recognition of the Yemen Arab Republic, and other nations, including the United Kingdom, quickly followed suit.
The country's harsh topography has promoted the evolution of isolated tribal settlements, protective of their political autonomy and hostile to the ascendancy of central government in the north, a reality Saleh has had to contend with since becoming president of the Yemen Arab Republic following the merger between north and south in 1990.
The secessionist language deployed by protestors suggests they are seeking to reverse the creation of the modern republic in 1990, which united the Marxist People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY, South Yemen) with the Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) at the end of the Cold War.
Despite claims and counter-claims including false accusations of the Saudis stimulating the north to attack the south, it turned out that the Yemen Arab Republic (YAR-North) Majlis Al-Shura (parliament) had made a conscience decision to reunify the north and south by force.
The union of the north's Yemen Arab Republic and the south's People's Democratic Republic of Yemen occurred through peaceful dialogue and the desire to leave behind an era of discord.
The EU and Yemen are linked by a cooperation and trade agreement dating from 1997 which replaced a 1984 agreement signed with the former Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen).
Yemen entered the twentieth century in 1962, after a military coup created the Yemen Arab Republic in the north.