infection in dogs: 62 cases (2003-2011).
What is now beyond question is that Yersinia pestis
was indeed the pathogen responsible for two of the most destructive pandemics ever.
Relationship between virulence and immunity as revealed in recent studies of the F1 capsule of Yersinia pestis
. Clin Infect Dis.
When the bacteria are in lungs, the transmission of Yersinia pestis
is possible through various ways: contact transmission, in which one may be infected through physical contact with respiratory particles on the infected surface; airborne transmission, which occurs through inhaling the bacteria causing the disease through successive contact with the nose or mouth of an infected individual; respiratory particles, which occurs through respiratory droplets which is through shedding of respiratory particles (i.e., droplets or aerosols) from an infected human or rodent into the environment .
Vets have diagnosed five-month-old boxer Lily with yersinia pestis
, the bacterium behind the Black Death epidemic which killed up to 200million people in the 14th century.
Blood specimens or lymph node aspirates from six (29%) patients tested positive for Yersinia pestis
by polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
The plague bacterium Yersinia pestis
may have lurked in a medieval European reservoir for at least 300 years, researchers from Germany suggest January 13 in PLOSONE.
The disease is caused by an enterobacterium, Yersinia pestis
, which is transmitted by fleas.
The qPCR assays include specific chemistries for the identification of Bacillus anthracis, Francisella tularensis, Yersinia pestis
, Coxiella burnetti, Brucella spp., PanOrthopox and VEE viruses.
Finally, Stevens Crawshaw wisely avoids the issue of retrospective diagnosis, the debate over whether the epidemic disease experienced really can be identified with modern bubonic plagues (Yersinia pestis
is the microorganism carried by fleas on black rats that brought Black Plague to Europe in the Dark Ages as it wiped out millions of people and changed the course of world history for the next five hundred years.
tularensis transcriptome during infection of mouse macrophages  and sRNA expression of Yersinia pestis
grown in vitro and in the mouse lung .