In 1912, when the Republic of China was established as a result of the Xinhai Revolution, Morrison became a political advisor to Yuan Shikai
, first president of the republic, and to Li Yuanhong (later president), and played a role in China's negotiations for loans from Europe.
Shao Wai was quickly apprehended and taken to Seoul to stand trial before the Yuan Shikai
, the Chinese Resident Minister to Korea.
These range from Frank Goodnow, the Columbia professor who fashioned a despotic constitution for Yuan Shikai
, the Chinese general who wanted to become a new emperor in 1915, to Hu Shi, one of the greatest of China's 20th century intellectuals, who like thousands of other young men and women studied in America and later became chancellor of Peking University before ending up in Taiwan in the 1950s.
He would leave in 1913 for England, after Yuan Shikai
's maneuvers collapsed Sun's second revolution, and he took no political position until after 1949 (p.
Likewise, he also attacks warlordism in general and Yuan Shikai
[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (1859-1916) in particular, a matter of great urgency for Lin Shu, who correctly saw how dangerous the Beiyang [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] Army could become.
Taken literally that would mean planning got under way in 1915, under President Yuan Shikai
, continued during Chiang Kai-shek's watch, and then on through Mao Zedong and beyond--which, bluntly put, is not history at all, but classic tinfoil-hat conspiracy theory.
However Sun had to cede presidency to powerful military general Yuan Shikai
"Advance Through Retreat" took as its emblem (on the exhibition announcement, in advertising, and so on) a photograph of Yuan Shikai
, the influential Qing general, at a moment when he ostentatiously stepped back from public life to play the part of the hermit in order to avoid execution after the death of the Empress Dowager, his political patron; what seems to have been forgotten is that his next brush with "advance" involved declaring himself emperor and dismantling the nascent republic.