Also found in: Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


A former country of southeast Europe bordering on the Adriatic Sea. It was formed in 1918 as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes after the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and was renamed Yugoslavia in 1929. Under the leadership of Marshal Tito, the country became a Communist-led regime after World War II. After Tito's death in 1980, economic problems and ethnic tensions grew. Communist party control ended in 1990, and four of the six constituent republics (Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Macedonia) declared independence in 1991. Serbia and Montenegro, the remaining states, abandoned the name Yugoslavia in 2003 and dissolved the federation entirely in 2006.

Yu′go·slav′ , Yu′go·sla′vi·an adj. & n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˌjuːɡəʊˈslɑːvɪə) or


1. (Placename) Federal Republic of Yugoslavia a former country in SE Europe, comprising Serbia and Montenegro, that was formed in 1991 but not widely internationally recognized until 2000; it was replaced by the Union of Serbia and Montenegro in 2003 (dissolved 2006)
2. (Placename) a former country in SE Europe, on the Adriatic: established in 1918 from the independent states of Serbia and Montenegro, and regions that until World War I had belonged to Austria-Hungary (Croatia, Slovenia, and Bosnia-Herzegovina); the name was changed from Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes to Yugoslavia in 1929; German invasion of 1941–44 was resisted chiefly by a Communist group led by Tito, who declared a people's republic in 1945; it became the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1963; in 1991 Slovenia, Croatia, and Bosnia-Herzegovina declared independence, followed by Macedonia in 1992; Serbia and Montenegro formed the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, subsequently (2003) replaced by the Union of Serbia and Montenegro (dissolved 2006)
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


or Ju•go•sla•vi•a

(ˌyu goʊˈslɑ vi ə)

a federal republic in S Europe on the Adriatic: formed 1918 from the kingdoms of Serbia and Montenegro and part of Austria-Hungary; a federal republic 1945–91 comprising Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Slovenia; since 1992 comprising Serbia and Montenegro. 11,206,847; 39,449 sq. mi. (102,173 sq. km). Cap.: Belgrade.
Formerly (1918–29), Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes.
Yu`go•sla′vi•an, adj., n.
Yu`go•slav′ic, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Yugoslavia - a mountainous republic in southeastern Europe bordering on the Adriatic Sea; formed from two of the six republics that made up Yugoslavia until 1992; Serbia and Montenegro were known as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia until 2003 when they adopted the name of the Union of Serbia and Montenegro
Serbia, Srbija - a historical region in central and northern Yugoslavia; Serbs settled the region in the 6th and 7th centuries
Crna Gora, Montenegro - a former country bordering on the Adriatic Sea; now part of the Union of Serbia and Montenegro
Belgrade, Beograd, capital of Serbia and Montenegro - capital and largest city of Serbia and Montenegro; situated on the Danube
Danau, Danube, Danube River - the 2nd longest European river (after the Volga); flows from southwestern Germany to the Black Sea; "Vienna, Budapest, and Belgrade are on the banks of the Danube"
Jugoslav, Jugoslavian, Yugoslav, Yugoslavian - a native or inhabitant of Yugoslavia
2.Yugoslavia - a former country of southeastern Europe bordering the Adriatic Sea; formed in 1918 and named Yugoslavia in 1929; controlled by Marshal Tito as a communist state until his death in 1980; "Tito's Yugoslavia included Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia, and Montenegro"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


[ˈjuːgəʊˈslɑːvɪə] NYugoslavia f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


[ˌjuːgəʊˈslɑːviə] nYougoslavie f
in the former Yugoslavia → en ex-Yougoslavie
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


n (Hist) → Jugoslawien nt (Hist); the former Yugoslaviadas ehemalige Jugoslawien, Ex-Jugoslawien nt (Press sl)
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


[ˌjuːgəʊˈslɑːvɪə] nJugoslavia
the former Yugoslavia → l'ex Jugoslavia
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in periodicals archive ?
The Croats, who have reached the World Cup final for the first time and will face France on Sunday for the title, have had the most success at the world's biggest soccer tournament since Yugoslavia descended into war in 1991 and spawned seven different FIFA nations.
On this day, 28th June IN 1948, Stalin and management of USSR accused Communist Party of Yugoslavia for improper interior and foreign policy, that is, deviation from Marxism/Leninism.
The destruction of Yugoslavia at the end of the Cold War was not inevitable, declares Niebuhr.
We are lucky that the author of this book found the unusual scholarly silence on King Aleksandar's dictatorship (in Yugoslavia, from 1929 to 1935) to be a "salutary irritant," for an excellent and often surprising account of that dictatorship was the result (ix).
He argues that Yugoslavia's self-management system distracted citizens from deep ethnic divides with material preoccupations delivered via advertising.
"Russia, Romania, and Bulgaria participated actively in the violation of the arms embargo on Yugoslavia making millions of dollars," the three-year investigation has concluded, as cited by BGNES.
I have tried to keep up to some extent on transition and on former Yugoslavia, yet I was learning things on every page.
To many Russians, the partition of Yugoslavia mirrored the Soviet Union's own disintegration.
In Yugoslavia, however, the system failed to produce enough jobs to fully employ Yugoslavs because the socialist worker-managers viewed new additions to the labor force as "profit" poachers who would cut into their share of the "profit" pie.
Prior to Donald Uges' report, Carla Del Ponte, chief prosecutor for the UN's International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia (ICTY), dismissed the idea that Milosevic had been poisoned.