Cluster 2 (Circumpolar Eurasia): Eastern Sami; Ainu; Dolgan; Sym Evenki; Nganasan; Enets; Negidals; Mansi; Tundra Nenets; Southern Selkup; Northern Selkup; Ket, Yug; Eastern Khanty (Ostyaks); Northern Khanty; Nivkh; Far East Evenki; Nanai; Udihe; Oroch; Yukaghir
; Evens (Lamuts); Baikal Evenki; Western Evenki; Yakut; Wotians; Sorbs;
It derives from the reconstructed Finno-Ugric protoform *ice ~ *ise that originally meant 'shadow; soul-shadow'; some correspondences can be found in the Yukaghir
languages ([phrase omitted] 1999 : 34; UEW 79).
For example, in Sami and Siberian Yukaghir
hunting rituals men dressed in reindeer skins in order to become a reindeer (Itkonen 1948b, 18 f.; Willerslev 2007).
Por su parte, Willerslev (2007) en su etnografia sobre cazadores Yukaghir
en Siberia, describe la relacion que tienen los humanos con la "naturaleza" como parte de un contexto de interaccion constante de caceria donde la depredacion de animales es constante e inclusive anti-ecologica debido a su desmedida intensificacion.
Greenberg's (2005: 331) version of it, however, is slightly different, and called by him Eurasiatic, which comprises the following: 1) Indo-European; 2) Uralic; 3) Altaic; 4) Yukaghir
; 5) Gilyak; 6) Eskimo; 7) Korean; 8) Ainu; 9) Japonese.
A grammar of Kolyma Yukaghir
. Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 2003.
(7) Recovering a specifically Siberian Yukaghir
sense of animal spectres, anthropologist Rane Willerslev pursues the latter route as he reframes animism in terms of an "indigenous metaphysics" that deeply unsettles "ontological certainties" and therefore signals an opportunity for "critical dialogue" concerning Arctic and southern "theories of knowledge" (3).
Danish anthropologist Rane Willerslev embarks on a mission to start a fair-trade fur cooperation with the indigenous Yukaghir
, but things quickly turn dangerous.
(henceforward TY) is one of the two survivors, the second being Kolyma Yukaghir
(henceforward KY), of a group of closely related languages spoken by the peoples (wadul/odul) that once populated the vast area of the Russian Empire between the cost of the North Polar See and the upper reaches of Yana, Indigirka and Kolyma spreading longitudinally as far as the lower reaches of Lena and upper reaches of Anadyr (Donskoj 1996:22).
Chapters cover the Brogpas of Bhutan, the Ge minority of China, the Tarahumara/Raramuri of Mexico, the Nomads of Mongolia, and the Yukaghir
, arrow, loanword from Tungus languages, hunting term, language taboo.