In 1984, British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Chinese Premier Zhao Ziyang
negotiated the underlying plan for the lease to end, such that Hong Kong would remain a semi-autonomous region for a 50-year period after the lease ended.
When British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Chinese Premier Zhao Ziyang
signed the Sino-British Joint Declaration in 1984, setting the terms of Hong Kong's eventual transfer to Chinese control, both sides agreed that Hong Kong would retain for 50 years following the 1997 handover certain rights and freedoms not seen in mainland China.
Big at the box office: The Mummy 1989 Jiang Zemin succeeds Zhao Ziyang
to become the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China after the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
Some of them, like Hu Yaobang and his successor Zhao Ziyang
, were genuine idealists who felt that the Party's controls must be loosened now that the revolution was an accomplished fact.
His successor, Zhao Ziyang
, was similarly inclined.
As a delegation of development ministers, we met the Communist Party general secretary - the charming, reform-minded Zhao Ziyang
. He expressed sympathy with some of the demonstrators' arguments and grievances, and later went to Tiananmen Square to say much the same to the students.
Chapter 7 gets Zhao Ziyang
into position to argue for increases in foreign investment to boost productive efficiency, thus sparking more conflicts within the party.
1989 Chinese Communist Party Chief Zhao Ziyang
is put under house arrest.
With the notable exception of Milton Friedman, the influential Chicago monetarist who at a critical juncture in 1988 advised Communist Party General Secretary Zhao Ziyang
to take radical measures to promote free-market reforms, most of the advisers were gradualists who understood the extraordinary difficulties facing Chinese leaders, many of them woefully ignorant of capitalist economics, and the need for them to move ahead incrementally.
PM Margaret Thatcher and Chinese communist leader Zhao Ziyang
agree Britain would return the island of Hong Kong to China in 1997.
Deng Xiaoping "invented the title 'core,' bestowing it on Jiang Zemin, whom he chose as the party leader after the tumult of the Tiananmen Square crackdown in 1989 and the downfall of General Secretary Zhao Ziyang
, who had sympathized with protesting students," explains journalist Frank Ching.
Bao, who published the secret memoirs of Zhao Ziyang
, a former Communist Party general secretary, was openly critical of the events, and told Reuters that he suspected mainland officials.