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(Bible) Old Testament Leah's maidservant, who bore Gad and Asher to Jacob (Genesis 30:10–13)


(ˈzɪl pə)

the mother of Gad and Asher. Gen. 30:10–13.
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In turn both of them gave their respective slave girls Zilpah and Bilhah to Jacob to bear children for them (cf Gen 30:3-13).
The background is given in Genesis 30:9, When Leah saw that she had stopped bearing, she took her maid Zilpah and gave her to Jacob as concubine.
Aside for Dinah's story, it also tells the story of Jacob and his four wives Leah (Dinah's mother), Zilpah, Bilhah and Rachel.
It is debatable whether or not the practice of concubinage falls under the rubric of traditional polygamy--the concubine was not "married" to the master, and while her status was higher than that of a slave, it was lower than that of a wife and oftentimes (as in the cases of Sarah and Hagar, Leah and Zilpah, and Rachel and Bilhah) she even belonged to the primary wife.
Judeo-Christian texts reference Hagar, Bilhah, and Zilpah, three handmaids who bore children on behalf of Sarah, Rachel, and Leah (respectively).
Its macroscopic narrative, however, fails to delineate the evolution of servants and handmaids who are first introduced in their relations to Abram/Abraham and his servant, Eliezer of Damascus; Sarai/Sarah and her handmaid, Hagar of Egypt; and, Sarah's grand-daughters-in-law, Leah and Rachel, and their maids, Zilpah and Bilhah, respectively.
Although censure is not the only conceivable explanation for anonymity, it makes sense also with Potiphar's wife in Genesis 39 and contrasts with many major and minor female characters who are named in Genesis: Eve (Genesis 1-4), Adah wife of Lamech (4:19-23), Zillah (4:19-23), Namah (4:19-23), Milcah (11:29, 22:20-23, 24:15-47), Sarai/Sarah (17-18, 20-21, 23-25, 49), Hagar (16, 21, 25), Rebekah (24-29, 35, 49), Keturah (25), Judith (26:34), Basemath (26:34, 36:3-17), Mahalath (28:9), Rachel (29-31, 33, 35, 46, 48), Leah (29-31, 33-35, 46, 49), Bilhah (29-30, 35, 37, 46), Zilpah (29-30, 35, 37, 46), Dinah (30, 34, 46), Adah wife of Esau (36:6-16), Oholibamah (36:2-41), Timnah (38:12-14), Mehetabel (36:39), Tamar (14, 38), and Asenath (41, 46).
Some of the most important women who helped to spread female teacher education were prominent women-teachers such as Emma Willard, Catharine Beecher, Zilpah Grant, and Mary Lyon who had followed closely the development of Pestalozzi's methodology and used it in the curricula of their schools (Unger 2001, 843).
Dearly loved husband of the late Zilpah, loving father of Carol and Denise, father-in-law to Jo [sup.
But she eventually loses him to her manipulative friend and fellow student, Zilpah Marsh.
The chapter also focuses on Murray's white contemporary, Susanna Rowson, and two African American religious exhorters, Jarena Lee and Zilpah Elaw, interesting figures all--but when I closed the book, all I could think about was the strange position, the rise and fall, of Murray in her assumption of a career as a cultural critic.
Like others who have read The Red Tent, I can't wait to talk to her about her vivid portrait of the Biblical women who, in her telling, made up the heart and soul of Jacob's prosperous clan: Dinah, Jacob's only daughter by Leah; Leah herself; Rachel, her rival for Jacob's affections; and their sister-handmaidens, Zilpah and Bilhah.