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1. A country of southern Africa. Various Bantu peoples migrated into the area during the first millennium, displacing the earlier San inhabitants. European colonization began in 1889 under the British South Africa Company founded by Cecil Rhodes, and in 1923 it became the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia (often just Rhodesia), which formed part of the colonial federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland from 1953 to 1963. Rhodesia declared itself independent in 1965, although independence was not formally granted by Great Britain until 1980. Harare is the capital and the largest city.
2. also Great Zimbabwe A ruined city of southeast Zimbabwe south of Harare. First occupied by Iron Age peoples in the fourth century ad, it contains extensive remains of walls and towers dating from the 11th to 15th centuries.
Zim·bab′we·an adj. & n.
1. (Placename) a country in SE Africa, formerly a self-governing British colony founded in 1890 by the British South Africa Company, which administered the country until a self-governing colony was established in 1923; joined with Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia) and Nyasaland (now Malawi) as the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland from 1953 to 1963; made a unilateral declaration of independence (UDI) under the leadership of Ian Smith in 1965 on the basis of White minority rule; proclaimed a republic in 1970; in 1976 the principle of Black majority rule was accepted and in 1978 a transitional government was set up; gained independence under Robert Mugabe in 1980; effectively a one-party state since 1987; a member of the Commonwealth until 2003, when it withdrew as a result of conflict with other members. Official language: English. Religion: Christian majority. Currency: Zimbabwe dollar. Capital: Harare. Pop: 13 182 908 (2013 est). Area: 390 624 sq km (150 820 sq miles). Former names: Southern Rhodesia (until 1964) or Rhodesia (1964–79)
2. (Archaeology) Also: Great Zimbabwe a ruined fortified settlement in Zimbabwe, which at its height, in the 15th century, was probably the capital of an empire covering SE Africa
3. (Placename) Also: Great Zimbabwe a ruined fortified settlement in Zimbabwe, which at its height, in the 15th century, was probably the capital of an empire covering SE Africa
Zim•bab•we(zɪmˈbɑb weɪ, -wi)
1. Formerly, (until 1964) Southern Rhodesia, (1964–80) Rhodesia. a republic in S Africa: a former British colony; unilaterally declared independence in 1965; gained independence in 1980. 11,423,175; 150,873 sq. mi. (390,759 sq. km).Cap.: Harare.
Zim•bab′we•an, adj., n.
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|Noun||1.||Zimbabwe - a landlocked republic in south central Africa formerly called Rhodesia; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1980|
Bulawayo - industrial city in southwestern Zimbabwe
Africa - the second largest continent; located to the south of Europe and bordered to the west by the South Atlantic and to the east by the Indian Ocean
Victoria Falls, Victoria - a waterfall in the Zambezi River on the border between Zimbabwe and Zambia; diminishes seasonally
Cewa, Chewa, Chichewa - a member of the Bantu-speaking people of Malawi and eastern Zambia and northern Zimbabwe
Zimbabwean - a native or inhabitant of Zimbabwe