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Zi·on(zī′ən) also Si·on (sī′ən)
a. The historic land of Israel as a symbol of the Jewish people.
b. The Jewish people; Israel.
2. A place or religious community regarded as sacredly devoted to God.
3. An idealized, harmonious community; utopia.
1. (Bible) the hill on which the city of Jerusalem stands
2. (Judaism) Judaism
a. the ancient Israelites of the Bible
b. the modern Jewish nation
c. Israel as the national home of the Jewish people
3. (Ecclesiastical Terms) Christianity heaven regarded as the city of God and the final abode of his elect
4. (Sociology) any form of social organization, way of life, or life after death regarded as an ultimate goal
5. (Ecclesiastical Terms)
a. a religious community or its site, regarded as chosen by God and under his special protection
b. an ideal theocratic community, esp any of the Christian Churches regarded as such a community
1. a hill in Jerusalem, on which the Temple was built: used to symbolize the city itself, esp. as a religious or spiritual center.
2. the Jewish people.
3. Palestine as the Jewish homeland and symbol of Judaism.
4. heaven as the final gathering place of true believers.
[before 1000; Middle English, Old English Sion < Late Latin (Vulgate) Siōn < Greek (Septuagint) Seiṓn < Hebrew sīyyōn]
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|Noun||1.||Zion - originally a stronghold captured by David (the 2nd king of the Israelites); above it was built a temple and later the name extended to the whole hill; finally it became a synonym for the city of Jerusalem; "the inhabitants of Jerusalem are personified as `the daughter of Zion'"|
|2.||Zion - Jewish republic in southwestern Asia at eastern end of Mediterranean; formerly part of Palestine|
al-Asifa, al-Fatah, Fatah - a Palestinian political and military organization founded by Yasser Arafat in 1958 to work toward the creation of a Palestinian state; during the 1960s and 1970s trained terrorist and insurgent groups; "al-Fatah carried out numerous acts of international terrorism in western Europe and the Middle East in the 1970s"
Fatah Tanzim, Tanzim - a terrorist group organized by Yasser Arafat in 1995 as the armed wing of al-Fatah; serves a dual function of violent confrontation with Israel and serves as Arafat's unofficial militia to prevent rival Islamists from usurping leadership
Kach, Kahane Chai - a terrorist organization founded for Jewish defense; fights antisemitism and hopes to restore the biblical state of Israel
PFLP-GC, Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command - a Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization that conducted several attacks in western Europe
15 May Organization - a terrorist organization formed in 1979 by a faction of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine but disbanded in the 1980s when key members left to join a faction of al-Fatah
Iz Al-Din Al-Qassam Battalions, Qassam Brigades, Salah al-Din Battalions - the military arm of Hamas responsible for suicide bombings and other attacks on Israel
kibbutz - a collective farm or settlement owned by its members in modern Israel; children are reared collectively
moshav - a cooperative Israeli village or settlement comprised of small farms
Haganah - the clandestine military wing of the Jewish leadership during the British rule over the mandate of Palestine from 1920 to 1948; became the basis for the Israeli defense force
sayeret, Sayeret Matkal, Sayeret Mat'kal - Israel's elite secret commando unit responsible for counterterrorist and top secret intelligence gathering and hostage rescue missions
A'man - the Israeli military intelligence which produces comprehensive national intelligence briefings for the prime minister and the cabinet
Mossad - the Israeli foreign intelligence agency; "the primary focus of the Mossad is on Arab nations"
General Security Services, Shin Bet - the Israeli domestic counterintelligence and internal security agency; "the Shin Bet also handles overall security for Israel's national airline"
Middle East, Mideast, Near East - the area around the eastern Mediterranean; from Turkey to northern Africa and eastward to Iran; the site of such ancient civilizations as Phoenicia and Babylon and Egypt and the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity and Islam; had continuous economic and political turmoil in the 20th century; "the Middle East is the cradle of Western civilization"
West Bank - an area between Israel and Jordan on the west bank of the Jordan river; populated largely by Palestinians
Galilee - an area of northern Israel; formerly the northern part of Palestine and the ancient kingdom of Israel; the scene of Jesus's ministry
Gaza, Gaza Strip - a coastal region at the southeastern corner of the Mediterranean bordering Israel and Egypt; "he is a Palestinian from Gaza"
Golan, Golan Heights - a fortified hilly area between southern Lebanon and southern Syria; "artillery on the Golan Heights can dominate a large area of Israel"
capital of Israel, Jerusalem - capital and largest city of the modern state of Israel (although its status as capital is disputed); it was captured from Jordan in 1967 in the Six Day War; a holy city for Jews and Christians and Muslims; was the capital of an ancient kingdom
Caesarea - an ancient seaport in northwestern Israel; an important Roman city in ancient Palestine
Sodom - (Old Testament) an ancient city near the Dead Sea that (along with Gomorrah) was destroyed by God for the wickedness of its inhabitants
Gomorrah, Gomorrha - (Old Testament) an ancient city near the Dead Sea that (along with Sodom) was destroyed by God for the vice and depravity of its inhabitants
Tel Aviv, Tel Aviv-Jaffa, Tel Aviv-Yalo - the largest city and financial center of Israel; located in western Israel on the Mediterranean
Dead Sea - a saltwater lake on the border between Israel and Jordan; its surface in 1292 feet below sea level
Mount Carmel - a mountain range in northwestern Israel near the Mediterranean coast; "according to the Old Testament, Elijah defeated the priests of Baal at Mount Carmel"
Israeli - a native or inhabitant of Israel
|3.||Zion - an imaginary place considered to be perfect or ideal|