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 (zo͞o-äv′, zwäv)
1. A member of a French infantry unit, originally composed of Algerian recruits, characterized by colorful uniforms and precision drilling.
2. A member of a group patterned after the French Zouaves, especially a member of such a unit of the Union Army in the US Civil War.

[French, from Berber Zwāwa, the Kabyle tribe from which the unit's members were originally recruited.]


(zuːˈɑːv; zwɑːv)
1. (Military) (formerly) a member of a body of French infantry composed of Algerian recruits noted for their dash, hardiness, and colourful uniforms
2. (Military) a member of any body of soldiers wearing a similar uniform or otherwise modelled on the French Zouaves, esp a volunteer in such a unit of the Union Army in the American Civil War
[C19: from French, from Zwāwa, tribal name in Algeria]


(zuˈɑv, zwɑv)

1. a member of a former body of infantry in the French army, composed orig. of Algerians, distinguished for their showy drill and picturesque uniforms.
2. a member of any military body adopting a similar dress and drill, esp. a member of any of certain volunteer regiments in the American Civil War.
[1820–30; < French < Arabic zawāwah]
References in periodicals archive ?
Training and physical drill took place until 25th September when the battalion moved on to Villers-au-Bois to work on the railway in the Zouave valley.
The statue of a Crimean soldier - known as the Zouave - on the Pont de l'Alma has long been used as a marker for water levels in the city.
The regiment I joined wore the Zouave uniform and only two persons, a cousin and a particular friend, members of the regiment, knew that I was a woman," Williams said, according to Army archives.
People looking at the floods stand on the Alma bridge by the Zouave statue in Paris Jerome Delay
There were Jews, dark-skinned and dressed in the colorful gabardines and turbans of their Eastern climes, brought from their native Jerusalem for the occasion; swarthy Turks, with fez, zouave trousers, gold-laced coats and long curving [sic] or scimitars hanging at their sides; lithe-limbed horsemen from Araby the Blest; camel drivers, in picturesque flowing garb of dull reds, browns, blues and yellows.
Notable works include The Potato Eaters, The Zouave, Sunflowers, Almond Blossoms, Wheatfield with Crows - thought to be his last painting - any number of self-portraits, and the one that stopped me in my tracks, the simple but dazzlingly vibrant Wheatfield under Thunderclouds.
Captain Charles Green and five crew members had floated free of the tug Zouave near Pointe aux Barques.
I fitted elastic round the ankles Now I looked like an exotic Zouave infantryman from Algiers.
The parade included marching bands and an escort for Rex provided by the colorful Albany Zouave Cadets.
Milliet, a Zouave officer temporarily stationed in Arles and a sometime student who took drawing lessons flora Vincent, was something of a ladies" man--Vincent remarks that he had "all the Arlesiennes he want[ed]" (686).
On the same day, Messimy sent a telegram to Lyautey regarding which troops to dispatch immediately to France: They included all the Zouave, colonial infantry, Algerian Tirailleurs, and Tunisian Tirailleur battalions as well as his artillery batteries.
Bazille joined a French Zouave regiment early in the war and took command of an assault on a German position after his officer was wounded.