Reformers differed from conservatives and from one another in their interpretations of the elements after consecration--at one extreme, memorial symbolism or sacramentarianism (Zwinglianism
) denied the corporeal presence of Christ's body in the bread and wine; Calvinism similarly denied the physical presence but recognized Christ's spiritual presence in the elements, while Lutheranism professed a union between the bread and wine and Christ's body and blood.
The first Protestant religion was Lutheranism, but it was soon followed by other Protestant faiths such as Anglicanism, Presbyterianism, Zwinglianism
, and Anabaptism as the sixteenth century progressed.
Meanwhile, the Reformed doctrine of the sacraments, despite good intentions, ends up in a kind of bare tokenism or Zwinglianism
because of the refusal of the Reformed tradition finally to accept the sacrament as the instrumental cause of the grace conferred.
(10.) James Stayer, "Radical Early Zwinglianism
: Balthasar Hubmaier, Faber's Ursach and the Peasant Programmes," in Huldrych Zwingli, 1484-153: A Legacy of Radical Reform, ed.
Brooks, 70: "By the middle of the century, Zwinglianism
is an outmoded and unhistorical term (although, of course, the 'Reformed' schooi undoubtedly owed much to the clarity of Zwingli's theology)." At least in England at mid-century, where all the leading controversialists acknowledged their reading of Zwingli, they owed it explicitly and openly.
xvi) they refer to |Swiss-influenced' parts of France as if sixteenth-century Switzerland was a unitary Protestant state with no doctrinal differences between Basle, and Zurich's Zwinglianism
, and Geneva's Calvinism.
EARLY RADICAL ZWINGLIANISM
TO THE FIRST ZURICH DISPUTATION, JANUARY 1523
(4) John Briggs observes that "the context for the [baptism] debate soon became that heightened sacramentalism within the established church which mid-Victorian Baptists perceived to be the fruit of the Oxford Movement." (5) Michael Walker identified Zwinglianism
and Calvinism as the chief influences on Baptist eucharistic theology, though there were others who inherited more from the Anabaptist tradition with their separation of spirit and matter, and their suspicion of anything approximating to ritualism.
I found the assessment and description of early radical Zwinglianism
from 1520 to 1523 to be helpful.