bhlē- / Indo-European roots


To blow.

Contracted from *bhleh1-, or possibly lengthened grade *bhlēh2- from alternative root *bhleh2-. Possibly identical to bhel-3 II*bhlē- above.

Derivatives include blaze3, flatus, flavor.

1. blow1 from Old English blāwan, to blow, from Germanic suffixed form *blē-w-.
a. bladder from Old English blǣdre, blister, bladder;
b. blather from Old Norse bladhra (noun), bladder, and bladhra (verb), to prattle. Both a and b from Germanic suffixed form *blēdram, "something blown up".
a. blast from Old English blǣst, a blowing, blast;
b. isinglass from Middle Dutch blas(e), a bladder;
c. blasé, blaze3 from Middle Dutch blāsen, to blow up, swell. a-c all from Germanic extended form *blēs-.
4. Zero-grade form *bhl̥ə- (> *bhlā-) flabellum, flageolet, flatulent, flatus, flavor; afflatus, conflate, deflate, inflate, insufflate, soufflé from Latin flāre, to blow.

[In Pokorny 3. bhel- 120.]

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