gembh- / Indo-European roots

Examples of words with the root gembh-: cam, chime, comb, gem, gemma, gemmation, gemmule, gomphosis, kame, oakum, unkempt.


Tooth, nail.

Oldest form *g̑embh-, becoming *gembh- in centum languages.

Derivatives include comb, unkempt, gem.

1. Suffixed o-grade form *gombh-o-.
a. (i) comb, kame from Old English comb, camb, comb; (ii) cam from Dutch kam, cog, comb; (iii) unkempt from Old English cemban, to comb, from Germanic denominative *kambjan, to comb. (i)-(iii) all from Germanic *kambaz, comb;
b. gomphosis from Greek gomphos, tooth, peg, bolt.
2. Suffixed zero-grade form *gm̥bh-ōn-. oakum from Old English ā-cumba, part of flax separated in hackling, oakum ("stuff combed off"; ā-, away, off).
3. Perhaps Germanic *kimb-. chime2 from Old English cim-, cimb-, rim (only in compounds),
4. Possibly suffixed form *gembh-mā-. gem, gemma, gemmation, gemmule from Latin gemma, bud, hence gem.

[Pokorny g̑embh- 369.]

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