ghē- / Indo-European roots


To release, let go; (in the middle voice) to be released, go.

Oldest form *g̑heh1-, becoming *g̑hē- in satem languages and *ghē- in centum languages.

Derivatives include heir, gait.

1. go1; ago, forego1, forgo from Old English gān, to go, from Germanic variant form *gaian.
2. Suffixed form *ghē-ro-. heir, hereditament, heredity, heritage; inherit from Latin hērēs, heir (? < "orphan" < "bereft").
3. Possibly suffixed o-grade form *ghō-ro-, "empty space"
a. -chore, horiatiki; anchorite, chorography from Greek khōros, place, country, particular spot;
b. choripetalous from Greek khōris, khōri, apart, separate.
4. Possible suffixed zero-grade form *ghə-t(w)ā-.
a. gait, gate2 from Old Norse gata, path, street;
b. gantlet1, gauntlet2 from Old Swedish gata, lane. Both a and b from Germanic *gatwōn-, a going.
5. Suffixed zero-grade form *ghə-no-. Hinayana from Sanskrit hīna-, inferior, verbal adjective of jahāti, he leaves, lets go (< reduplicated *ghe-ghē-ti, *ghe-gheə-ti).

[Pokorny 1. g̑hē- 418.]

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