ghei- / Indo-European roots

Examples of words with the root ghei-: chimera, chionodoxa, hibernaculum, hibernate, hiemal.


Theoretical base of *ghyem-, *ghiem-, winter.

Oldest forms *g̑hei-, *g̑hyem-, *g̑hiem-, becoming *ghei-, *ghyem-, *ghiem- in centum languages.
1. Form *ghiem-. hiemal from Latin hiems, winter.
2. Suffixed variant form *gheim-ri-no-. hibernaculum, hibernate from Latin hībernus, pertaining to winter.
3. O-grade form *ghiom-.chionodoxa from Greek khiōn (stem khion-), snow, from earlier *khiōn,, *khiom-, with *-n- (< final *-m) generalized in oblique stem from nominative singular khiōn (< *ghiōm with lengthened o-grade).
4. Suffixed zero-grade form *ghim-r̥-yə, "female animal one year (winter) old" chimera from Greek khimaira, she-goat.

[Pokorny 2. g̑hei- 425.]

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