To grasp, enclose; with derivatives meaning "enclosure" Oldest form *g̑her-, becoming *gher- in centum languages.
▲ Derivatives include orchard, kindergarten, courteous, choir, choral.
Suffixed zero-grade form *ghr̥-dh-
a. gird1, girt1 from Old English gyrdan, to gird, from Germanic *gurdjan;
b. girdle from Old English gyrdel, girdle;
c. girth from Old Norse gjördh, girdle, girth.
Suffixed o-grade form *ghor-to-
or (in Germanic) *ghor-dho-
, an enclosure.
a. (i) yard2
from Old English geard
, enclosure, garden, yard; (ii) garth
from Old Norse gardhr
, enclosure, garden, yard; (iii) kindergarten
from Old High German garto
, garden; (iv) garden
from Old North French gart
, garden; (v) hangar
from Old French hangard
, shelter, possibly from Germanic *haimgardaz
, home; see tkei-
Germanic compound *midja-gardaz
all from Germanic *gardaz
b. horticulture, ortolan from Latin hortus, garden.
Prefixed and suffixed zero-grade form *ko(m)-ghr̥-ti-
, collective prefix, "together"; see kom
from Latin cohors
), enclosed yard, company of soldiers, multitude.
4. Perhaps suffixed o-grade form *ghor-o-. carol, choir, choral, chorale, choric, chorister, chorus, hora; choragus, Terpsichore from Greek khoros, dancing ground (? perhaps originally a special enclosure for dancing), dance, dramatic chorus.
[Pokorny 4. g̑her- 442, g̑herdh- 444.]
To like, want.
Oldest form *g̑her-
, becoming *gher-
in centum languages.
1. Suffixed form *gher-n-. yearn from Old English giernan, gyrnan, to strive, desire, yearn, from Germanic *gernjan.
Possibly extended form *ghrē-
a. greedy from Old English grǣdig, hungry, covetous, greedy, from Germanic *grēdiga-, hungry, formed from *grēduz, hunger;
b. catachresis, chrestomathy from Greek khrēsthai, to lack, want, use, from khrē, it is necessary.
3. Suffixed zero-grade form *ghr̥-to-. hortative; exhort from Latin hortārī, to urge on, encourage (< "to cause to strive or desire").
4. Suffixed zero-grade form *ghr̥-i-. charisma; Eucharist from Greek kharis, grace, favor.
5. Suffixed zero-grade form *ghr̥-yo-. chervil from Greek khairein, to rejoice, delight in.
[Pokorny 1. g̑her- 440.]