gleubh- / Indo-European roots

Examples of words with the root gleubh-: anaglyph, cleave, cleft, clever, clevis, clove, glume, glyph, glyptic, hieroglyphic, kloof.


To tear apart, cleave.

Derivatives include clever, hieroglyphic.

I. Basic form *gleubh-.
1. cleave1 from Old English clēofan, to split, cleave, from Germanic *kleuban.
2. Probably o-grade form *gloubh-. clever from Middle English cliver, nimble, skillful, perhaps akin to East Frisian klüfer, klifer, skillful, and Old Norse kleyfr, easy to split, from Germanic *klaubri-.
II. Zero-grade form *glubh-.
1. a. clove2 from Old English clufu, clove (of garlic); b. kloof from Middle Dutch clove, a cleft; c. clevis from a Scandinavian source akin to Old Norse klofi, a cleft. a-c all from Germanic *klub-, a splitting.
2. cleft from Old English geclyft, fissure, from Germanic *klufti-(*klub-ti-).
3. glyph, glyptic; anaglyph, hieroglyphic from Greek gluphein, to carve.
4. Suffixed zero-grade form *glubh-mā-. glume from Latin glūma, husk of grain.

[Pokorny gleubh- 401.]

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