keuə- / Indo-European roots


To swell; vault, hole.

Oldest form *k̑euhx-, becoming *keuhx- in centum languages.

Derivatives include cave, excavate, church.

I. O-grade form *kouə-.
1. Basic form *kouə- becoming *kaw-. cava, cave, cavern, cavetto, cavity; concave, excavate from Latin cavus, hollow.
2. Suffixed form *kow-ilo-. -cele2, celiac, -coel, coelom; acoelomate, coelacanth from Greek koilos, hollow.
3. Suffixed lengthened-grade form *kōw-o-. codeine from Greek kōos, hollow place, cavity.
II. Zero-grade form *kū- (< *kuə-).
1. Suffixed shortened form *ku-m-olo. cumulate, cumulus; accumulate from Latin cumulus, heap, mass.
2. Basic form *kū-. a. Suffixed form *kū-ro-, "swollen" strong, powerful. church, kirk, Kyrie; kermis from Greek kūrios (vocative kūrie), master, lord; b. suffixed form *kuw-eyo-. cyma, cymatium, cyme; cymophane, kymograph, pseudocyesis from Greek kuein, to swell, and derivative kūma (< *kū-mn̥), "a swelling" wave; c. suffixed form *en-kū-yo- (*en, in; see en) enceinte1 from Latin inciēns, pregnant.

[Pokorny 1. k̑eu- 592.]

Browse all Indo-European or Semitic roots.