mē- / Indo-European roots


Expressing certain qualities of mind.

Oldest form *meh1-.
1. Suffixed o-grade form *mō-to-.
a. mood1 from Old English mōd, mind, disposition;
b. gemütlich, gemütlichkeit from Old High German muot, mind, spirit. Both a and b from Germanic *mōthaz.
2. Perhaps suffixed o-grade form *mō-s-. moral, morale, mores, morose from Latin mōs, wont, humor, manner, custom.

[Pokorny 5. mē- 704.]


To measure.

Oldest form *meh1-.

Derivatives include piecemeal, immense, meter1, geometry, moon, semester.

I. Basic form mē-.
1. Suffixed form *mē-lo-. meal2; piecemeal from Old English mǣl, "measure, mark, appointed time, time for eating, meal" from Germanic *mēlaz.
2. Suffixed form *mē-ti-. a. measure, mensural; commensurate, dimension, immense from Latin mētīrī, to measure; b. Metis from Greek mētis, wisdom, skill.
3. Possibly Greek metron, measure, rule, length, proportion, poetic meter (but referred by some to med-) meter1, meter2, meter3, -meter, metrical, -metry; diameter, gematria, geometry, isometric, metrology, metronome, symmetry
4. Reduplicated zero-grade form *mi-mə-. mahout, maund from Sanskrit mimīte, he measures.
II. Extended and suffixed forms *mēn-, *mēn-en-, *mēn-ōt-, *mēn-s-, moon, month (an ancient and universal unit of time measured by the moon).
1. moon; Monday from Old English mōna, moon, from Germanic *mēnōn-.
2. month from Old English mōnath, month, from Germanic *mēnōth-.
3. meno-; amenorrhea, catamenia, dysmenorrhea, emmenagogue, menarche, meniscus, menopause from Greek mēn, mēnē, month.
4. menses, menstrual, menstruate; bimestrial, semester, trimester from Latin mēnsis, month.

[Pokorny 3. mē- 703, mēnōt 731.]



Oldest form *meh1-.
1. Suffixed (comparative) form *mē-is-. more from Old English māra, greater, and māre (adverb), more, from Germanic *maizōn-.
2. Suffixed (superlative) form *mē-isto-. most from Old English mǣst, most, from Germanic *maista-.
3. Suffixed form *mē-ro-, *mē-ri-. Märchen from Old High German māri, news, narration.
4. Suffixed o-grade form *mō-ro-. claymore from Gaelic mōr, big, great.

[Pokorny 4. mē- 704.]


To cut down grass or grain with a sickle or scythe.

Oldest form *meh1-.
1. mow2 from Old English māwan, to mow, from Germanic *mē-.
2. Suffixed form *mē-ti-. aftermath from Old English mǣth, a mowing, a mown crop, from Germanic *mēdiz.
3. Suffixed form *mē-twā-, a mown field. mead2, meadow from Old English mǣd, meadow, from Germanic *mēdwō.

[Pokorny 2. mē- 703.]

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