man- / Indo-European roots



1. Extended forms *manu-, *manw-.
a. man; leman, Norman1 from Old English man(n) (plural menn), man;
b. fugleman, landsman2 from Old High German man, man;
c. manikin, mannequin from Middle Dutch man, man;
d. yeoman perhaps from Old Frisian man, man;
e. Norman1, ombudsman from Old Norse madhr, mannr, man;
f. Alemanni possibly from Germanic *Ala-manniz, tribal name (< "all men": *ala-, all; see al-3). a-f all from Germanic *manna- (plural *manniz);
g. Manu from Sanskrit manuḥ, man, from Indo-Iranian *manu-.
2. mensch from Old High German mennisco, human, from Germanic adjective *manniska-, human, from *manna- (see 1).
3. muzhik from Russian muzh, man, male, from Slavic suffixed form *mon-gyo-.

[Pokorny manu-s 700.]



Derivatives include manacle, maneuver, manure.

a. manacle, manage, manège, manner, manual, manubrium, manus; amanuensis, maintain, maneuver, manicotti, manicure, manifest, mansuetude, manufacture, manumit, manure, manuscript, mastiff, mortmain, quadrumanous from Latin manus, hand;
b. maniple, manipulation from Latin manipulus, handful (-pulus, perhaps -ful; see pelə-1).
2. Suffixed form *man-ko-, maimed in the hand. manqué from Latin mancus, maimed, defective.
3. emancipate from Latin compound manceps, "he who takes by the hand" purchaser (-ceps, agential suffix, "taker"; see kap-)
4. mandamus, mandate, Maundy Thursday; command, commando, commend, countermand, demand, recommend, remand from Latin compound mandāre, "to put into someone's hand" entrust, order (-dere, to put; see dhē-)

[Pokorny mə-r 740.]

Browse all Indo-European or Semitic roots.