pā- / Indo-European roots


To protect, feed.

Oldest form *peh2-, colored to *pah2-, becoming *pā-.

Derivatives include fodder, forage, fur, food, foster, pasture, pantry, company.

1. Suffixed form *pā-trom.
a. fodder from Old English fōdor, fodder;
b. forage, foray, fourragère from Old French feurre, fodder;
c. fur, furrier from Old French forre, fuerre, trimming made from animal skin, fur (< "sheath, case, lining"). a-c all from Germanic *fōdram.
2. Suffixed form *pā-dhlom (doublet of *pā-trom) pabulum from Latin pābulum, food, fodder.
3. Extended form *pāt-.
a. food from Old English fōda, food, from Germanic *fōd-, food;
b. feed from Old English fēdan, to feed, from Germanic denominative *fōdjan, to give food to;
c. suffixed form *pāt-tro-. foster from Old English fōstor, food, nourishment, from Germanic *fōstra-.
4. Extended form *pās-.
a. Suffixed form *pās-sko-. pasture; antipasto, repast from Latin pāscere, to feed;
b. suffixed form *pās-tor-. pastern, pastor, pester from Latin pāstor, shepherd;
c. suffixed form *pās-t-ni-. panada, panatela, panic grass, pannier, panocha, pantry, pastille, penuche; appanage, companion1, company, panforte, panko from Latin pānis, bread.
5. Suffixed form *pā-tor-. bezoar from Persian pād, protecting against, from Iranian *pātar- (Avestan pātar-).
6. Suffixed form *pā-won-, protector. satrap from Old Persian khshathra-pāvā, protector of the province.

[Pokorny pā- 787, 1. pō(i)- 839.]

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