pent- / Indo-European roots

Examples of words with the root pent-: find, footpad, osteopontin, pad, path, peripatetic, pons, pontifex, pontiff, pontine, pontoon, punt, Sputnik.


To tread, go.

Derivatives include find, pontiff, sputnik.

1. find from Old English findan, to find, from Germanic *finthan, to come upon, discover.
2. Suffixed o-grade form *pont-i-.
a. pons, pontifex, pontiff, pontine, pontoon, punt1; osteopontin, transpontine from Latin pōns (stem pont-), bridge (earliest meaning, "way, passage" preserved in the priestly title pontifex, "he who prepares the way"; -fex, maker; see dhē-);
b. sputnik from Russian sputnik, fellow traveler, sputnik, from put', path, way.
3. Zero-grade form *pn̥t-. peripatetic from Greek patein, to tread, walk.
4. Suffixed zero-grade form *pn̥t-ə-.
a. path from Old English pæth, path;
b. pad2; footpad1 from Middle Dutch pad, way, path. Both a and b from Germanic *patha-, way, path, probably borrowed (? via Scythian) from Iranian *path-.

[Pokorny pent- 808.]

Browse all Indo-European or Semitic roots.