perə- / Indo-European roots


To produce, procure.

Oldest form *perh2-; possibly related to perə-2 See also per-5II.

Derivatives include parade, parry, emperor, parachute, sever, parent.

I. Zero-grade form *pr̥ə- (becoming *par- in Latin). a. Suffixed form *par-ā-. parade, pare, parlay, parry, parure; apparatus, apparel, comprador, disparate, emperor, imperative, imperator, imperial, parachute, parasol, prepare, rampart, repair1, separate, sever, several from Latin parāre, to try to get, prepare, equip; b. suffixed form *par-yo-. -para, parity2, -parous, parturient, postpartum, repertory, viper from Latin parere, parīre, to get, beget, give birth; c. parallel suffixed (participial) form *par-ent-. parent from Latin parēns, parent; d. suffixed form *par-o-, producing: (i) juniper from Latin iūniperus, juniper, perhaps from compound *yoini-paros, "producing juniper berries" (*yoini-, juniper berry); (ii) compound *pau-paros (see pau-); (iii) Italic compound *wīwo-paros (see gwei-); e. suffixed form *par-ikā-. Parcae from Latin Parcae, the Fates (who assign one's destiny)..
II. Suffixed o-grade form por(ə)-sī-. heifer from Old English hēahfore, calf, a compound (with obscure first element) of fearr, calf, from Germanic *farzī-.

[Pokorny 2. D. per 818.]


To grant, allot (reciprocally, to get in return).

Oldest form *perh3-. Possibly related to perə-1 See also per-5II. Zero-grade form *pr̥ə- (becoming *par- in Latin).
a. Suffixed form *par-ti-. parcel, parcener, parse, part, particle, partisan, partita, party; bipartite, compart, impart, participate, repartee from Latin pars (stem part-), a share, part;
b. possibly suffixed form *par-tiōn-. portion, proportion from Latin portiō, a part (first attested in the phrase prō portiōne, in proportion, according to each part, perhaps assimilated from *prō partiōne);
c. perhaps Latin pār, equal pair, par, pareve, parity1, peer2; compare, imparity, nonpareil, pari-mutuel.

[Pokorny 2. C. >per 817.]

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