sāg- / Indo-European roots

Examples of words with the root sāg-: diegesis, exegesis, forsake, hegemon, presage, ransack, sagacious, sake, seek, soke.


To seek out.

Oldest form *seh2g-, colored to *sah2g-, becoming *sāg-.

Derivatives include seek, ransack, hegemony.

1. Suffixed form *sāg-yo-. seek from Old English sǣcan, sēcan, to seek, from Germanic *sōkjan.
2. Suffixed form *sāg-ni-. soke from Old English sōcn, attack, inquiry, right of local jurisdiction, from Germanic *sōkniz.
3. Zero-grade form *səg-.
a. sake1 from Old English sacu, lawsuit, case, from Germanic derivative noun *sakō, "a seeking" accusation, strife;
b. (i) forsake from Old English forsacan, to renounce, refuse (for-, prefix denoting exclusion or rejection; see per1); (ii) ramshackle, ransack from Old Norse *saka, to seek. Both (i) and (ii) from Germanic *sakan, to seek, accuse, quarrel. Both a and b from Germanic *sak-..
4. Independent suffixed form *sāg-yo-. presage from Latin sāgīre, to perceive, "seek to know"
5. Zero-grade form *səg-. sagacious from Latin sagāx, of keen perception.
6. Suffixed form *sāg-eyo-. diegesis, exegesis, hegemony from Greek hēgeisthai, to lead (< "to track down").

[Pokorny sāg- 876.]

Browse all Indo-European or Semitic roots.