sekʷ- / Indo-European roots


To follow.

Derivatives include sequel, execute, pursue, society.

1. sect, segue, seguidilla, sequacious, sequel, sequence, sue, suit, suite, suitor; consequent, ensue, execute, obsequious, persecute, prosecute, pursue, subsequent from Latin sequī, to follow.
2. sequester, sequestrum from Latin sequester, "follower" mediator, depositary.
3. Suffixed (participial) form *sekw-ondo-. second2, secondo, secundines from Latin secundus, following, coming next, second.
4. Suffixed form *sekw-os, following. extrinsic, intrinsic from Latin secus, along, alongside of.
5. Suffixed form *sekw-no-. scarlet, scarlatina, seal1, segno, sigil, sign; assign, consign, designate, insignia, resign from Latin signum, identifying mark, sign (< "standard that one follows").
6. Suffixed o-grade form *sokw-yo-. sociable, social, society, socio-; associate, consociate, dissociate from Latin socius, ally, companion (< "follower").

[Pokorny 1. sek̒ͧ- 896.]


To perceive, see.

1. see1 from Old English sēon, to see, from Germanic *sehwan, to see.
2. sight from Old English sihth, gesiht, vision, spectacle, from Germanic abstract noun *sih-tiz.

[Pokorny 2. sek̒ͧ- 897.]


To say, utter.

1. O-grade form *sokw-.
a. Suffixed form *sokw-yo-. say; gainsay from Old English secgan, to say, from Germanic *sagjan;
b. suffixed form *sokw-ā-. (i) saw2 from Old English sagu, a saying, speech; (ii) saga from Old Norse saga, a saying, narrative. Both (i) and (ii) from Germanic *sagō, a saying..
2. Perhaps suffixed zero-grade form *skw-e-tlo-, narration.
a. skald from Old Norse skāld, poet, "satirist";
b. scold from Middle English scolde, an abusive person, from a Scandinavian source akin to Old Norse skāld (see above). Both a and b from North Germanic *skathla.

[In Pokorny 2. sek̒ͧ- 897.]

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