tkei- / Indo-European roots

Examples of words with the root tkei-: amphictyony, haimish, hame, hamlet, hangar, haunt, home, Niflheim, protoctist, situate, situs.


To settle, dwell, be home.

Oldest form *tk̑ei-, becoming *tkei- in centum languages.

Derivatives include home, hangar, situate.

1. Suffixed o-grade form *(t)koi-mo-.
a. home from Old English hām, home;
b. Niflheim from Old Norse heimr, home;
c. haimish from Old High German heim, home;
d. hame from Middle Dutch hame, hame (< "covering");
e. hamlet from Old French ham, village, home;
f. haunt from Old French hanter, to frequent, haunt, from Germanic *haimatjan, to go or bring home;
g. hangar from Old French hangard, shelter, possibly from Germanic *haimgardaz (*gardaz, enclosure; see gher-1). a-g all from Germanic *haimaz, home.
2. Zero-grade form *tki-.
a. amphictyony, protoctist from Greek ktizein, to found, settle, from metathesized *kti-;
b. probably Italic *si-. situate, situs from Latin situs, location, from suffixed form *si-tu-.

[Pokorny 1. k̑ei- 539, k̑þei- 626.]

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