weg- / Indo-European roots

Examples of words with the root weg-: bewitch, bivouac, reveille, surveillant, vedette, vegetable, velocity, vigil, vigilante, vigor, waft, wait, wake, waken, watch, witch.


To be strong, be lively.

Oldest form *weg̑-, becoming *weg- in centum languages.

Derivatives include watch, vigilante, reveille, velocity.

1. Suffixed o-grade form *wog-ē-. wake1 from Old English wacan, to wake up, arise, and wacian, to be awake, from Germanic *wakēn.
2. Suffixed o-grade form *wog-no-. waken from Old English wæcnan, wæcnian, to awake, from Germanic *waknan.
3. watch from Old English wæccan, to be awake, from Germanic *wakjan.
4. Suffixed form *weg-yo-. Wicca, wicked, witch; bewitch from Old English wicca, sorcerer, wizard (feminine wicce, witch), from Germanic *wikkjaz, necromancer (< "one who wakes the dead").
5. bivouac from Old High German wahta, watch, vigil, from Germanic *wahtwō.
a. wait from Old North French waitier, to watch;
b. waft from Middle Dutch and Middle Low German wachten, to watch, guard. Both a and b from Germanic *waht-.
7. Suffixed (causative) o-grade form *wog-eyo-. vegetable from Latin vegēre, to be lively.
8. Suffixed (stative) form *weg-ē-. vigor; ravigote from Latin vigēre, to be lively.
9. Suffixed form *weg-(e)li-. vedette, vigil, vigilant, vigilante; reveille, surveillant from Latin vigil, watchful, awake.
10. Suffixed form *weg-slo-. velocity from Latin vēlōx, fast, "lively"

[Pokorny u̯eg̑- 1117.]

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