wegh- / Indo-European roots


To go, transport in a vehicle.

Oldest form *weg̑h-, becoming *wegh- in centum languages.

Derivatives include weight, away, wagon, earwig, devious, trivial, vex.

1. weigh1 from Old English wegan, to carry, balance in a scale, from Germanic *wegan.
2. wee1 from Old English wǣg(e), weight, unit of weight, from Germanic lengthened-grade form *wēgō.
3. Suffixed form *wegh-ti-. weight from Old English wiht, gewiht, weight, from Germanic *wihti-.
a. way; always, away from Old English weg, way;
b. Norwegian from Old Norse vegr, way;
c. thalweg from Old High German weg, way. a-c all from Germanic *wegaz, course of travel, way.
5. Suffixed o-grade form *wogh-no-.
a. wain from Old English wæ(g)n, wagon;
b. wagon from Middle Dutch wagen, wagon. Both a and b from Germanic *wagnaz.
6. Suffixed o-grade form *wogh-lo-.
a. walleyed from Old Norse vagl, chicken roost, perch, beam, eye disease, from Germanic *waglaz;
b. ochlocracy, ochlophobia from Greek okhlos, populace, mob (< "moving mass").
7. Distantly related to this root are:
a. (i) graywacke from Old High German waggo, wacko, boulder rolling on a riverbed, from Germanic *wag-, "to move about"; (ii) wag1 from Middle English waggen, to wag, possibly from Germanic *wag-;
b. (i) earwig from Old English wicga, insect (< "thing that moves quickly"); (ii) wiggle from Middle Dutch and Middle Low German wiggelen, to move back and forth, wag. Both (i) and (ii) from Germanic *wig-..
8. Basic form *wegh-. vector, vehement, vehicle; advection, convection, evection, invective, inveigh from Latin vehere (past participle vectus), to carry.
9. Suffixed basic form *wegh-yā-. foy, via, viatical, voyage; convey, convoy, deviate, devious, envoy1, envoy2, invoice, obviate, obvious, ogee, ogive, pervious, previous, trivial, trivium, viaduct from Latin via, way, road.
10. Suffixed form *wegh-s-. vex from Latin vexāre, to agitate (< "to set in motion").
11. Probably suffixed form *wegh-so-. convex from Latin convexus, "carried or drawn together (to a point)" convex (com-, together; see kom)

[Pokorny u̯eg̑h- 1118.]

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