aback


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Related to aback: taken aback

a·back

 (ə-băk′)
adv.
1. By surprise: He was taken aback by her caustic remarks.
2. Nautical In such a way that the wind pushes against the forward side of a sail or sails.
3. Archaic Back; backward.

aback

(əˈbæk)
adv
1. startled or disconcerted
2. (Nautical Terms) nautical (of a vessel or sail) having the wind against the forward side so as to prevent forward motion
3. rare towards the back; backwards
[Old English on bæc to the back]

a•back

(əˈbæk)

adv.
1. with the wind against the forward side of the sail.
2. toward the back.
Idioms:
take aback, to surprise; disconcert.
[before 1000; Middle English; Old English on bæc to the rear. See a-1, on, back1]

aback

- Originated in sailing, as a ship was taken aback when a strong gust of wind suddenly blew the sails back against the mast, causing the ship to stop momentarily.
See also related terms for sailing.

aback

When the wind blows on the wrong side of the sail, preventing forward motion.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adv.1.aback - having the wind against the forward side of the sailsaback - having the wind against the forward side of the sails; "the ship came up into the wind with all yards aback"
2.aback - by surpriseaback - by surprise; "taken aback by the caustic remarks"

aback

adverb
take someone aback surprise, throw, shock, stun, confuse, astonish, stagger, startle, bewilder, astound, disconcert, bowl over (informal), stupefy, floor (informal), knock for six, dumbfound, leave open-mouthed, nonplus, flabbergast (informal) He was taken aback when a man answered the phone.

aback

adverb
Without adequate preparation:
Idiom: by surprise.
Translations
اجأ
překvapenýzaraženýzpět
forbløffet
malantaŭen
pakkistagasitagaspiditagurpidi
جاخوردنغافلگیرشدنیکه خوردن
pakkitaaksepäintakaisintakanatakaosa
पीछ॓ की ओर
agndofa
priblokštas
pārsteigts
bieg wstecznydo tyłuwsteczz tyłu
atrazpelo contrariopor detraz ás avessas
naspäť
đằng saulùi lạitrở lạivề

aback

[əˈbæk] ADV to take abackdesconcertar, sorprender
to be taken abackquedarse desconcertado, sorprenderse
I was quite taken aback by the newsla noticia me causó gran sorpresa, la noticia me dejó desconcertado

aback

[əˈbæk] adv
to be taken aback → être décontenancé(e)
to be taken aback by sth
I was taken aback by his reaction → Sa réaction m'a décontenancé.

aback

adv to be taken abackerstaunt sein; (= upset)betroffen sein

aback

[əˈbæk] adv to be taken abackessere colto/a or preso/a alla sprovvista, rimanere sconcertato/a

aback

(əˈbӕk) : taken aback
surprised and usually rather upset. She was taken aback by his rudeness.
References in classic literature ?
And yet the fact remains that, had the wind failed and the fleet lost steerage way, or, worse still, had it been taken aback from the eastward, with its leaders within short range of the enemy's guns, nothing, it seems, could have saved the headmost ships from capture or destruction.
Boris remembered Natasha in a short dress, with dark eyes shining from under her curls and boisterous, childish laughter, as he had known her four years before; and so he was taken aback when quite a different Natasha entered, and his face expressed rapturous astonishment.
Maybe he did kick me, and I didn't observe it, I was so taken all aback with his brow, somehow.
He didn't like the idea of going back to his hut in the wind and wet, so he just stepped as he was into the girl's room, laid the sack of gold beside her, and was turning to leave the room, when his master confronted him and said, 'You young rogue, so you were going to steal the gold that a good Fairy brings every night, were you?' The Herd-boy was so taken aback by his words, that he stood trembling before him, and did not dare to explain his presence.
They were a good deal taken aback, and after a little consultation one and all tumbled down the fore companion, thinking no doubt to take us on the rear.
First of all I was taken aback by what seemed to me the clumsiness of his technique.
Carey was taken aback. If he would not read the evening service with her she did not know what to do with him.
Monsieur Pailleton had been a little taken aback by the visit of the Baron.
When I first heard of it I was thrown up in the wind with all aback. I give you my word that I lost my bearings more completely than ever since I strapped a middy's dirk to my belt.
Captain Dove looked rather taken aback at this outbreak in the ranks; but, being a dignified and calm personage, he quelled the rising rebellion with great tact and skill, by saying, briefly
The Pats begin to hoora too, thinking it was a runaway; and first lot on 'em stands grinnin' and wavin' their old hats as we comes abreast on 'em; and then you'd ha' laughed to see how took aback and choking savage they looked, when they gets the peas a-stinging all over 'em.
Laurence, who looked quite taken aback, and held out her hand, saying, with only a small quaver in her voice, "I came to thank you, sir, for..." But she didn't finish, for he looked so friendly that she forgot her speech and, only remembering that he had lost the little girl he loved, she put both arms round his neck and kissed him.