It is certain that this monastery, which had a grand air, both as a church and as a seignory; that abbatial
palace, where the bishops of Paris counted themselves happy if they could pass the night; that refectory, upon which the architect had bestowed the air, the beauty, and the rose window of a cathedral; that elegant chapel of the Virgin; that monumental dormitory; those vast gardens; that portcullis; that drawbridge; that envelope of battlements which notched to the eye the verdure of the surrounding meadows; those courtyards, where gleamed men at arms, intermingled with golden copes;--the whole grouped and clustered about three lofty spires, with round arches, well planted upon a Gothic apse, made a magnificent figure against the horizon.
Their topics include Aelred on abbatial
responsibilities, anthropology and cosmology: the foundational principles of Aelred's spirituality, his teaching on Mary in the sermons of the First Clairvaux Collection, whether he was an illiterate or a true master of spiritual teaching, his doctrine of charity and friendship, and working out one's salvation in the world: Aelred and lay spirituality.
But after the death of his mistress in 1657, de Rance repudiated his worldly life and eventually decided to take his abbatial
role seriously, becoming LaTrappe's regular abbot in 1664.
(4) As the abbatial
throne-holder of Tropu monastery, Tropu Lotsawa Jampapel personified the ability of Buddhism to concentrate religious and social authority.
I cite as illustrations two titles: "Career Patterns among the Clergy of Lincoln Cathedral, 1660-1750" and "Spanish Missions, Cultural Conflict and the Pueblo Revolt of 1680 and The Abbatial
Election at Citeaux in 1625." A journal of general provenance (covering all of the history of Christianity) became an organ of specialists.
Shortly before the French Revolution and the subsequent coalition wars initiated the end of monasticism in the Holy Roman Empire, Dominikus Hagenauer was elected--supported by a campaign of Leopold Mozart--to the abbatial
see of St.
Neither his ordination nor subsequent ordinations in the community, nor the elevation of the community to abbatial
status, would have been possible except for the pivotal leadership role he had played both in reconciling the community with the hierarchy of the Catholic Church and in incorporating the community within the Benedictine Confederation.
Among the topics of individual papers are abbatial
authority over lay agents, Jewish bailiffs in Aragon, changes in the powers of wives and widows near Montpellier, the political meaning and use of hostages in 13th-century Occitania, and Marian monarchy in 13th-century Castille.
Here he was forced to surrender several remaining abbatial