ganglion

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gan·gli·on

 (găng′glē-ən)
n. pl. gan·gli·a (-glē-ə) or gan·gli·ons
1. A group of nerve cells forming a nerve center, especially one located outside the brain or spinal cord.
2. Medicine A benign cystic lesion resembling a tumor, occurring in a tendon sheath or joint capsule.
3. A center of power, activity, or energy.

[From Greek, cystlike tumor, nerve bundle.]

gan′gli·on′ic (-ŏn′ĭk) adj.

ganglion

(ˈɡæŋɡlɪən)
n, pl -glia (-ɡlɪə) or -glions
1. (Anatomy) an encapsulated collection of nerve-cell bodies, usually located outside the brain and spinal cord
2. any concentration of energy, activity, or strength
3. (Pathology) a cystic tumour on a tendon sheath or joint capsule
[C17: from Late Latin: swelling, from Greek: cystic tumour]
ˈganglial, ˈgangliar adj
ˌgangliˈonic, ˈganglionˌated, ˈgangliˌate, ˈgangliˌated adj

gan•gli•on

(ˈgæŋ gli ən)

n., pl. -gli•a (-gli ə)
-gli•ons.
1. a concentrated mass of interconnected nerve cells.
2. a cystic tumor formed on the sheath of a tendon.
3. a center of intellectual or industrial force, activity, etc.
[1675–85; < Late Latin: a type of swelling < Greek gánglion a tumor under the skin, on or near a tendon]
gan′gli•al, gan′gli•ar, adj.
gan`gli•on′ic (-ˈɒn ɪk) adj.

gan·gli·on

(găng′glē-ən)
Plural ganglia
A compact group of nerve cells having a specific function. In invertebrate animals, pairs of ganglia occur at intervals along the axis of the body, with the forwardmost pair functioning like a brain. In vertebrates, ganglia are usually located outside the brain or spinal cord and control the functioning of the body's internal organs.

ganglion

A mass of nerve cell bodies outside the central nervous system.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ganglion - an encapsulated neural structure consisting of a collection of cell bodies or neuronsganglion - an encapsulated neural structure consisting of a collection of cell bodies or neurons
autonomic ganglion - any of the ganglia of the autonomic system whose unmyelinated fibers innervate the internal organs
nervous system, systema nervosum - the sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells
neural structure - a structure that is part of the nervous system
basal ganglion - any of several masses of subcortical grey matter at the base of each cerebral hemisphere that seem to be involved in the regulation of voluntary movement
Translations
gangliohermokeskushermosolmu

ganglion

[ˈgæŋglɪən] N (ganglia, ganglions (pl)) [ˈgæŋglɪə]ganglio m

ganglion

n pl <ganglia>
(Anat) → Ganglion nt; (Med) → Überbein nt, → Ganglion nt
(fig, of activity) → Zentrum nt

ganglion

[ˈgæŋglɪən] nganglio

gan·gli·on

n. ganglio.
1. masa de tejido nervioso en forma de nudo;
2. quiste en un tendón o en una aponeurosis, que se observa a veces en la muñeca, en el talón o en la rodilla;
___ -a, basal___ -s basales;
___, carotid___ carotídeo;
___, celiac___ celíaco.

ganglion

n (pl -glia) (neuro) ganglio; — cyst ganglión m
References in periodicals archive ?
Decades before molecular techniques advanced the search for opsins, photosensitivity in the sixth abdominal ganglion (also called the caudal photoreceptor) had been detected in several decapod crustaceans (an order that includes lobsters and crayfishes), which could evoke a tail flexion escape response (Wilkens and Larimer, 1976; Edwards, 1984).
The thoracic ganglion is a part of the thoracic ganglion mass, which also includes the subesophageal ganglion and abdominal ganglion.
The hindgut and abdominal nerve cord with the intact seventh nerve (N7) of the sixth abdominal ganglion (A6) were removed from the crayfish, then incubated in 1 [micro]mol [l.
Distribution of glutamatergic immunoreactive neurons in the terminal abdominal ganglion of the crayfish.
The FPI cluster in crayfish contains four motor neurons in the four most anterior abdominal ganglia, but only three in the fifth abdominal ganglion (Mittenthal and Wine, 1978).
The first direct demonstration of synapse-specific facilitation in Aplysia examined the connections of individual siphon SNs onto two physically separate sets of postsynaptic targets: at proximal SN synapses onto nearby central motor neurons (CMNs) in the intact abdominal ganglion, and at SN synapses onto peripheral motor neurons (PMNs) at the distal end of the attached siphon nerve, several centimeters away (Clark and Kandel, 1993; Gooch and Clark, 1997).
The artery leading to the abdominal ganglion was cannulated so that drugs could be delivered directly to this ganglion, which contains those sensory and motor neurons that mediate the siphon-elicited gill withdrawal.
For example, photosensitive neurons have been found in the 6th abdominal ganglion of crayfish (Prosser, 1934; Kennedy, 1958, 1963; Bruno and Kennedy, 1962), in the abdominal ganglion and the brain of insects (Arikawa et al.