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Of, relating to, or being the grammatical case indicating absence, as Finnish puhumatta "without speaking."
1. The abessive case.
2. A word in the abessive case.

[From Latin abesse, to be absent, away; see absent.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Grammar) linguistics the grammatical case indicating absence
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References in periodicals archive ?
Livonian has the fewest morphological case forms of any Finnic language: eight productive case forms are usually identified (in addition to some fossilized forms, the adessive, allative, ablative, instructive and abessive, which are "learned and reproduced" (Viitso 2012 : 22).
Southern Selkup pronouns have an extended case paradigm corresponding to relations: genitive, accusative, lative, locative, ablative, comitative, abessive. The case paradigms of the Middle-Ob Selkup pronouns in the singular and plural are done to illustrate the declension system, see Tables 1-2 ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 1994: 28-29; [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 1995: 69-97).
Abbreviations 1, 2, 3 first, second, third person ABE abessive ADE adessive ADJ adjective ALL allative CLC clitic COM comitative COND conditional dINF da-infinitive EL elative ESS essive FEM female GEN genetive GER gerund ILL illative IMP imperative IMPS impersonal INE inessive JUSS jussive mINF ma-infinitive NEG negation marker PL plural POSTP postposition PRCL particle PRS present PRTV partitive PST simple past PRTCP presnt participle PTCP past participle Q question marker QUOT quotative SG singular TRM terminative TRNSL translative
Morphology gets the least attention as only 3 out of the 23 are true morphological features (declination of agent nouns, use of the supine abessive form -mot and outer locative cases).
The language reform also proposed new case forms of the ma-infinitive--in addition to the old local and abessive forms, e.g.
The eleven 'semantic' case forms of an Estonian nominal (illative, inessive, elative, allative, adessive, ablative, translative, terminative, essive, abessive and comitative) are all based on the corresponding genitives, as illustrated in table 3.
Renvall): Essive * Essive * Essive Essive Factive Factive Factive Translative Illative Illative Illative Illative Inessive Inessive Inessive Inessive Elative Elative Elative Elative Allative Allative Allative Allative Adessive Adessive Adessive Adessive Ablative Ablative Ablative Ablative Caritive Caritive * Abessive Abessive * Instrumental * Comitative Comitative * Terminative
above), which is clear from their morphological analysis (-(o)n + -tem, abessive suffix of adjectives).