While formaldehyde was found in all of the pads, liners and tampons assessed and abietic acid
was found in all the liners, the agency found that the health risks associated with the use of feminine hygiene is low.
Colophony consists of diterpene monocarboxylic acids, the main one being abietic acid [2,3,4].
From the FTIR spectrum, it was possible to identify the functionality of resin, being composed of resinous acids, where the main ones are abietic acid and its derivatives, which are used in several sectors of the chemical and pharmaceutical industry, therefore, the purification and extraction methods were efficient.
Chemical standards including [beta]-boswellic acid, 3[alpha]-acetoxytirucall-7,24-dien-21-oic acid, 3-aectyl-11-keto-[beta]-boswellic acid, 3-keto-tirucall-8,24-dien-21-oic acid, and abietic acid
were separated and identified in previous studies.
"Improved aerobic biodegradation of abietic acid
in ECF bleached Kraft mill effluent due to biomass adaptation", ELSEVIER, B135 pp: 256-263.
Hussain, Unconventional synthesis and characterization of novel abietic acid
esters of hydroxypropylcellulose as potential macro- molecular prodrugs, J.
Succesful examples include incorporation of methylolated abietic acid
, (12) diisocyanates, (13) 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APES).
This toxic effect is generally related to the presence of abietic acid
Rosin is mainly composed of five resin acids: abietic acid
, neoabietic acid, palustric acid, pimaric acid, and isopimaric acid (Fig.
Compound sawdust sawdust 1 Hexanoic acid 0.5 0 2 Octanoic acid 0.4 2.2 3 Nonanoic acid 1.1 6.7 4 Decanoic acid 0 0 5 Dodecanoic acid 0.6 0 6 Tetradecanoic acid 0.9 4.6 7 Hexadecanoic acid 43.9 190.5 8 Heptadecanoic acid, anteiso 36.2 57.2 9 Octadecanoic acid 12.7 67.3 10 9-Octadecenoic acid 93.9 1,598.0 11 9, 12-Octadecadienoic acid 29.2 418.2 12 9, 12, 15 Octadecatrienoic acid 12.6 141.3 13 Docosanoic acid 16.5 39.7 14 Pimaric acid 77.7 1,253.5 15 Isopimaric acid 105.9 583.8 16 Abietic acid
77.9 2,426.1 17 Dehydroabietic acid 727.2 5,291.5 18 7-Oxodchydroabietic acid 172.6 986.3 Table 4.
The dictionary portion of the book is just that -- an alphabetical list from Abietic Acid
(found in typewriting paper and varnishes) to Zirconium Oxide (used in colored ceramic glazes and batteries).