ablative absolute


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ab·la·tive absolute

 (ăb′lə-tĭv)
n.
In Latin grammar, an adverbial phrase syntactically independent from the rest of the sentence and containing a noun or pronoun plus an adjunct, usually a participle or adjective, with both elements in the ablative case.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

ablative absolute

n
(Grammar) an absolute construction in Latin grammar in which a governor noun and a modifier in the ablative case function as a sentence modifier; for example, hostibus victis, "the enemy having been beaten"
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ab′lative ab′solute


n.
(in Latin) a grammatical construction independent of the rest of the sentence, consisting of a noun and a participle, noun and adjective, or two nouns, both in the ablative case, as Latin viā factā “the road having been made.”
[1520–30]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ablative absolute - a constituent in Latin grammar; a noun and its modifier can function as a sentence modifier
grammatical constituent, constituent - (grammar) a word or phrase or clause forming part of a larger grammatical construction
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
We can never know for sure but it's hard to imagine that Frank has spent a lot of time over the last 15 years or so going head to head with intransitive verbs and the ablative absolute.
Quomodo glosses ablatives of accompaniment or manner and an ablative absolute. These glosses move beyond word-by-word analysis to identify the function of whole constructions.
3.107, and here tacta (which, incidentally, makes an ablative absolute with aure and so obviates any syntactical discomfort) is pointed.