ablaut


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Related to ablaut: metathesis, umlaut, suppletion

ab·laut

 (äb′lout′, äp′-)
n.
A vowel change, characteristic of Indo-European languages, that accompanies a change in grammatical function; for example, i, a, u in sing, sang, sung. Also called apophony, gradation.

[German : ab, off (from Middle High German ab, abe, from Old High German aba; see apo- in Indo-European roots) + Laut, sound (from Middle High German lūt, from Old High German hlūt; see kleu- in Indo-European roots).]

ablaut

(ˈæblaʊt; German ˈaplaut)
n
(Linguistics) linguistics vowel gradation, esp in Indo-European languages. See gradation5
[German, coined 1819 by Jakob Grimm from ab off + Laut sound]

ab•laut

(ˈɑp laʊt, ˈæb-, ˈɑb-)

n.
(esp. in Indo-European languages) regular alternation of vowels in a word element, reflecting a change in grammatical function, as in English sing, sang, sung, song.
[1840–50; < German, =ab- off + Laut sound]

ablaut

A change in the vowel in different forms of a verb, such as tenses, for example “hang” and “hung.”
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ablaut - a vowel whose quality or length is changed to indicate linguistic distinctions (such as sing sang sung song)
gradation, grade - a degree of ablaut
vowel, vowel sound - a speech sound made with the vocal tract open
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
For instance, Palmgren, on the basis of i-mutation, distinguishes eight types of formal relation between nouns and denominal weak verbs (land "land" ~ lendan "to land," lar "teaching" ~ l[??]ran "to teach," segl "sail" ~ siglan "to sail," bold "house" ~ byldan "to build," blod "blood" ~ bledan "to bleed," lust "pleasure" ~ lystan "to please," rum "room" ~ ryman "to clear up" and stean "steam" ~ stieman "to emit steam"), but relates the derivatives of strong verbs mainly to the ablaut of the verb and only secondarily to other phenomena.
In one of them, only those nouns which are either zero-related to the verb or created from a verb by means of the morphological process known as ablaut (song from sing, death from die, thought from think, etc.) are included.
Finally, the general view seems to be that the sling/slung/slung ablaut pattern in English verbs is productive, while the swim/swam/sum pattern is not.
The current study describes these types phonologically, naming them (ablaut, templatic, Vb infixation and deletion respective).
California STEDT, 2011.) In this Chin study Button's several reconstruction systems make productive use of Pulleyblank's vision of an ablaut contrast between vowels a and a, as against the far more widely accepted four- and six-vowel systems of Fang-Kuei Li (1902-87) and Baxter.
Along with the analysis of the nature of morphological bases, Kastovsky (1968) has listed an inventory of alternations that can be traced back to the study of Germanic ablaut, which, in terms of word-formation, involves the use of inflectional means for derivational purposes, notably the stems of the present, preterite and past participle of strong verbs.
The high unrounded vowel *i in the Khanty cognate is the high ablaut grade of an original *a (Helimski 2001; [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 2006 : 42); the ablaut was triggered by the vowel in the suffix *-im.
Hulle was 'nog goed vertroud met die ablaut van sterk werkwoorde', maar het in hul skryftaal 'aan die perfektum die voorkeur gegee', skryf sy.
There is a direct correspondence with Indo-European derivatives from IE *Rer- 'horn' [with its many ablaut grades, as *kr-, *kera-, *kera-u-, *kera-i- ] : *ker[h.sub.2] (s), e.g., Gk keras 'horn', TochB karse 'stag' [< *'horned one'] or *R6ru 'horn', e.g.