Finally, the absolute convergence
hypothesis is based on the fact that [H.sub.t] tends to zero.
Without additional control variables, the test considered absolute convergence
, whereas with additional control variables, the test examined conditional convergence.
It must be appreciated that while Islamabad also has obvious interest in a stable Afghanistan, it does not have an absolute convergence
of strategic interests with the US anymore and no amount of diplomatic small talk can change the facts on ground.
Moreover, it follows from the above the uniform convergence of series (3.9) in every ring [[bar.[DELTA]].sub.[delta]] and uniform and absolute convergence
in every [[bar.[DELTA]].sub.[delta]] \ [[DELTA].sub.[rho]-[delta]] conditions (i), (ii), and the uniform and absolute convergence
in whole disk [bar.[DELTA]] under conditions (i)-(iv).
The results suggest absolute convergence
for countries having similar characteristics and conditional convergence for countries having heterogeneous structures.
For the estimation of absolute convergence
, [beta] convergence, for the Western Balkans countries (Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia) is used the regression equation (4), where the dependent variable is the average annual growth of GDP per capita per each country for the period 1995-2015 and the independent variable is natural logarithm of 1995 GDP per capita per each country.
where the left-hand side sum is the Riesz sum of order [rho], [phi](s) = [[SIGMA].sup.[infinity].sub.k=1] [[alpha].sub.k]/[k.sup.s] and c is bigger than the abscissa of absolute convergence
Therefore, in the above formula, the regression results can be approximately estimated [beta], if the estimated [beta] results are greater than 0, which indicates that the test area in the time period T with absolute convergence
. Establish regression model:
This friendship is deep historical roots and is built on absolute convergence
of interests that findexpression in our united and principled stance on a whole range of international and regional issues etched in their collective memory.
Sartaj said the friendship had deep historical roots and built on absolute convergence
of interests that find expression in their united and principled stance on a whole range of international and regional issues etched in their collective memory.
Then the smoothed components are used to estimate the relative transition coefficients and to test the null hypothesis of no absolute convergence
using the log t test suggested by Phillips and Sul (2007).