abstain

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ab·stain

 (ăb-stān′, əb-)
intr.v. ab·stained, ab·stain·ing, ab·stains
1. To keep oneself from doing, engaging in, or partaking of something; refrain: abstain from partisan political rhetoric; abstain from drinking alcohol.
2. To refrain from voting: Forty senators voted in favor of the bill, 45 voted against it, and 15 abstained.

[Middle English absteinen, to avoid, from Old French abstenir, from Latin abstinēre, to hold back : abs-, ab-, away; see ab-1 + tenēre, to hold; see ten- in Indo-European roots.]

ab·stain′er n.

abstain

(əbˈsteɪn)
vb
1. to choose to refrain: he abstained from alcohol.
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) to refrain from voting, esp in a committee, legislature, etc
[C14: via Old French from Latin abstinēre, from abs- ab-1 + tenēre to hold, keep]
abˈstainer n

ab•stain

(æbˈsteɪn)

v.i.
1. to refrain voluntarily, esp. from something regarded as improper or unhealthy (usu. fol. by from): to abstain from eating meat.
2. to refrain from casting one's vote: Two delegates abstained.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Middle French abstenir « Latin abstinēre=abs- abs- + -tinēre, comb. form of tenēre to hold, keep]
ab•stain′er, n.

abstain


Past participle: abstained
Gerund: abstaining

Imperative
abstain
abstain
Present
I abstain
you abstain
he/she/it abstains
we abstain
you abstain
they abstain
Preterite
I abstained
you abstained
he/she/it abstained
we abstained
you abstained
they abstained
Present Continuous
I am abstaining
you are abstaining
he/she/it is abstaining
we are abstaining
you are abstaining
they are abstaining
Present Perfect
I have abstained
you have abstained
he/she/it has abstained
we have abstained
you have abstained
they have abstained
Past Continuous
I was abstaining
you were abstaining
he/she/it was abstaining
we were abstaining
you were abstaining
they were abstaining
Past Perfect
I had abstained
you had abstained
he/she/it had abstained
we had abstained
you had abstained
they had abstained
Future
I will abstain
you will abstain
he/she/it will abstain
we will abstain
you will abstain
they will abstain
Future Perfect
I will have abstained
you will have abstained
he/she/it will have abstained
we will have abstained
you will have abstained
they will have abstained
Future Continuous
I will be abstaining
you will be abstaining
he/she/it will be abstaining
we will be abstaining
you will be abstaining
they will be abstaining
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been abstaining
you have been abstaining
he/she/it has been abstaining
we have been abstaining
you have been abstaining
they have been abstaining
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been abstaining
you will have been abstaining
he/she/it will have been abstaining
we will have been abstaining
you will have been abstaining
they will have been abstaining
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been abstaining
you had been abstaining
he/she/it had been abstaining
we had been abstaining
you had been abstaining
they had been abstaining
Conditional
I would abstain
you would abstain
he/she/it would abstain
we would abstain
you would abstain
they would abstain
Past Conditional
I would have abstained
you would have abstained
he/she/it would have abstained
we would have abstained
you would have abstained
they would have abstained
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.abstain - refrain from voting
refrain, forbear - resist doing something; "He refrained from hitting him back"; "she could not forbear weeping"
2.abstain - choose not to consumeabstain - choose not to consume; "I abstain from alcohol"
fast - abstain from eating; "Before the medical exam, you must fast"
fast - abstain from certain foods, as for religious or medical reasons; "Catholics sometimes fast during Lent"
keep off, avoid - refrain from certain foods or beverages; "I keep off drugs"; "During Ramadan, Muslims avoid tobacco during the day"
teetotal - practice teetotalism and abstain from the consumption of alcoholic beverages
ingest, consume, have, take in, take - serve oneself to, or consume regularly; "Have another bowl of chicken soup!"; "I don't take sugar in my coffee"

abstain

verb
To hold oneself back:
Translations
يمتنع عن، يُمسك عن
zdržet sezdržovat se
forhindre
sitja hjá; halda sig frá
susilaikymassusilaikyti
atturēties
çekimser kalmakkaçmakuzak durmak

abstain

[əbˈsteɪn] VI
1. (= refrain) → abstenerse (from de) to abstain from commentno ofrecer comentario
2. (= not vote) → abstenerse
3. (= not drink) → abstenerse de las bebidas alcohólicas

abstain

[æbˈsteɪn] vis'abstenir
to abstain from sth → s'abstenir de qch
to abstain from doing → s'abstenir de faire

abstain

vi
(from sex, smoking) → sich enthalten (→ from +gen); to abstain from alcohol/drinkingsich des Alkohols/Trinkens enthalten (geh)
(in voting) → sich der Stimme enthalten

abstain

[əbˈsteɪn] vi (not vote) to abstain (from)astenersi (da)
to abstain from drinking/smoking → astenersi dal bere/dal fumare

abstain

(əbˈstein) verb
(often with from) not to do, take etc. He abstained (from voting in the election); He abstained from alcohol.
abˈstention (-ˈsten-) noun
the act of abstaining. At the election of the new chairman the voting was six for, three against, and two abstentions.

abstain

v. abstenerse, privarse de;
___ from sexual intercourse___ de relaciones sexuales
Mex. cuidarse.

abstain

vi abstenerse; to — from sex abstenerse del sexo
References in classic literature ?
The workmen abstained from meat, drink, fresh air, good clothes, decent lodging, holidays, money, the society of their families, and pretty nearly everything that makes life worth living, which was perhaps the reason why they usually died twenty years or so sooner than people in our circumstances.
I abstained from entering into particulars for Magdalen's sake, and I made no allusion to that letter of Mrs.
I could only conclude that she had something important to say in relation to herself or to me--and that for reasons of her own she unwillingly abstained from giving expression to it at that time.
Some considerating touch of humanity was in him; for at times like these, he usually abstained from patrolling the quarter-deck; because to his wearied mates, seeking repose within six inches of his ivory heel, such would have been the reverberating crack and din of that bony step, that their dreams would have been of the crunching teeth of sharks.
For a little while we played with my two medals, and, with the delicacy of a sleeping companion, David abstained on this occasion from asking why one of them was not a Victoria Cross.
People who in former years habitually called upon me and invited me--or who, in the event of my absence, habitually wrote to me at this season--have abstained with a remarkable unanimity from calling, inviting, or writing now.
Pakistan's envoy at the UN Human Rights Council abstained from voting on a resolution against killings of civilians and human rights violations in Syria.
Pakistan has committed a blunder by not supporting the resolution and it must be investigated as to why our envoy at the UN Human Rights Council abstained from voting," Senator Taj Haider of Pakistan Peoples Party told Arab News.
The envoy added that if the mission was open and Kenya participated in the vote, then it would have abstained.
The incoming Asean chair, Singapore, and Thailand abstained.
However, the lawyers abstained from boycotting court proceedings at Lahore High Court and continued to appear in urgent as well as regular cases.
26 countries abstained from the vote, including Serbia and Turkmenistan, while 24 countries supported the initiative and six voted against it.