abstain

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ab·stain

 (ăb-stān′, əb-)
intr.v. ab·stained, ab·stain·ing, ab·stains
1. To keep oneself from doing, engaging in, or partaking of something; refrain: abstain from partisan political rhetoric; abstain from drinking alcohol.
2. To refrain from voting: Forty senators voted in favor of the bill, 45 voted against it, and 15 abstained.

[Middle English absteinen, to avoid, from Old French abstenir, from Latin abstinēre, to hold back : abs-, ab-, away; see ab-1 + tenēre, to hold; see ten- in Indo-European roots.]

ab·stain′er n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

abstain

(əbˈsteɪn)
vb
1. to choose to refrain: he abstained from alcohol.
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) to refrain from voting, esp in a committee, legislature, etc
[C14: via Old French from Latin abstinēre, from abs- ab-1 + tenēre to hold, keep]
abˈstainer n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ab•stain

(æbˈsteɪn)

v.i.
1. to refrain voluntarily, esp. from something regarded as improper or unhealthy (usu. fol. by from): to abstain from eating meat.
2. to refrain from casting one's vote: Two delegates abstained.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Middle French abstenir « Latin abstinēre=abs- abs- + -tinēre, comb. form of tenēre to hold, keep]
ab•stain′er, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

abstain


Past participle: abstained
Gerund: abstaining

Imperative
abstain
abstain
Present
I abstain
you abstain
he/she/it abstains
we abstain
you abstain
they abstain
Preterite
I abstained
you abstained
he/she/it abstained
we abstained
you abstained
they abstained
Present Continuous
I am abstaining
you are abstaining
he/she/it is abstaining
we are abstaining
you are abstaining
they are abstaining
Present Perfect
I have abstained
you have abstained
he/she/it has abstained
we have abstained
you have abstained
they have abstained
Past Continuous
I was abstaining
you were abstaining
he/she/it was abstaining
we were abstaining
you were abstaining
they were abstaining
Past Perfect
I had abstained
you had abstained
he/she/it had abstained
we had abstained
you had abstained
they had abstained
Future
I will abstain
you will abstain
he/she/it will abstain
we will abstain
you will abstain
they will abstain
Future Perfect
I will have abstained
you will have abstained
he/she/it will have abstained
we will have abstained
you will have abstained
they will have abstained
Future Continuous
I will be abstaining
you will be abstaining
he/she/it will be abstaining
we will be abstaining
you will be abstaining
they will be abstaining
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been abstaining
you have been abstaining
he/she/it has been abstaining
we have been abstaining
you have been abstaining
they have been abstaining
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been abstaining
you will have been abstaining
he/she/it will have been abstaining
we will have been abstaining
you will have been abstaining
they will have been abstaining
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been abstaining
you had been abstaining
he/she/it had been abstaining
we had been abstaining
you had been abstaining
they had been abstaining
Conditional
I would abstain
you would abstain
he/she/it would abstain
we would abstain
you would abstain
they would abstain
Past Conditional
I would have abstained
you would have abstained
he/she/it would have abstained
we would have abstained
you would have abstained
they would have abstained
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.abstain - refrain from voting
refrain, forbear - resist doing something; "He refrained from hitting him back"; "she could not forbear weeping"
2.abstain - choose not to consumeabstain - choose not to consume; "I abstain from alcohol"
fast - abstain from eating; "Before the medical exam, you must fast"
fast - abstain from certain foods, as for religious or medical reasons; "Catholics sometimes fast during Lent"
keep off, avoid - refrain from certain foods or beverages; "I keep off drugs"; "During Ramadan, Muslims avoid tobacco during the day"
teetotal - practice teetotalism and abstain from the consumption of alcoholic beverages
ingest, consume, have, take in, take - serve oneself to, or consume regularly; "Have another bowl of chicken soup!"; "I don't take sugar in my coffee"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

abstain

verb
To hold oneself back:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
يمتنع عن، يُمسك عن
zdržet sezdržovat se
forhindre
sitja hjá; halda sig frá
susilaikymassusilaikyti
atturēties
çekimser kalmakkaçmakuzak durmak

abstain

[əbˈsteɪn] VI
1. (= refrain) → abstenerse (from de) to abstain from commentno ofrecer comentario
2. (= not vote) → abstenerse
3. (= not drink) → abstenerse de las bebidas alcohólicas
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

abstain

[æbˈsteɪn] vis'abstenir
to abstain from sth → s'abstenir de qch
to abstain from doing → s'abstenir de faire
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

abstain

vi
(from sex, smoking) → sich enthalten (→ from +gen); to abstain from alcohol/drinkingsich des Alkohols/Trinkens enthalten (geh)
(in voting) → sich der Stimme enthalten
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

abstain

[əbˈsteɪn] vi (not vote) to abstain (from)astenersi (da)
to abstain from drinking/smoking → astenersi dal bere/dal fumare
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

abstain

(əbˈstein) verb
(often with from) not to do, take etc. He abstained (from voting in the election); He abstained from alcohol.
abˈstention (-ˈsten-) noun
the act of abstaining. At the election of the new chairman the voting was six for, three against, and two abstentions.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

abstain

v. abstenerse, privarse de;
___ from sexual intercourse___ de relaciones sexuales
Mex. cuidarse.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

abstain

vi abstenerse; to — from sex abstenerse del sexo
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
Both men were total abstainers, and behaved in all ways as exemplary members of the society, with the one simple exception that they were assassins who had often proved themselves to be most capable instruments for this association of murder.
The brandy I did not touch, for I have been an abstainer from my birth.
But at the sad time of which I am trying to write, I was almost an abstainer, from the fear, the temptation - of seeking oblivion in strong waters.
His political and social speeches were cataracts of anecdotes and "loud laughter"; his bodily health was of a bursting sort; his ethics were all optimism; and he dealt with the Drink problem (his favourite topic) with that immortal or even monotonous gaiety which is so often a mark of the prosperous total abstainer.
Mr Todhunter, as has been remarked, is a quiet thrifty gentleman, essentially an abstainer. These cards and wine-cups are no part of his normal habit; they have been produced for a particular companion.
About 64 per cent of men were nondrinkers (abstainers and former drinkers) and almost 88 per cent of women were nondrinkers.
"And I realised I also like having one place where I could get all the information I wanted, boom-boom-boom, right there."She and her fellow abstainers all had access to Facebook Messenger throughout the study.
Polls published after the referendum in 2016 already showed that abstainers were far more inclined to Remain - in some polls by a margin of more than two to one, more than enough to have changed the result - IF they had voted.
Polls published after the referendum in 2016 already showed that abstainers were far more inclined to Remain -- in some polls by a margin of more than two to one, more than enough to have changed the result --IF they had voted.
This compared to 3.6% in those with no ACEs who were heavier drinkers, and 1.3% of men with no ACEs who were moderate drinkers or abstainers.
Meanwhile, the proportion of 'lifetime abstainers' rose from 9pc in 2005 to 17pc a decade later.
Members in favour saying it would protect civilians, while abstainers voiced concerns that it would undermine the ongoing peace process in the world's youngest country.