abstinent

(redirected from abstenent)

ab·sti·nence

 (ăb′stə-nəns)
n.
The act or practice of refraining from indulging an appetite or desire, especially for alcoholic drink or sexual intercourse.

[Middle English, from Old French abstenance, from Latin abstinentia, from abstinēns, abstinent-, present participle of abstinēre, to hold back; see abstain.]

ab′sti·nent adj.
ab′sti·nent·ly adv.
Synonyms: abstinence, self-denial, temperance, sobriety, continence
These nouns refer to the habitual refusal to indulge a desire, especially a sensual one. Abstinence implies the willful avoidance of pleasures, especially of food and drink, thought to be harmful or self-indulgent: "I vainly reminded him of his protracted abstinence from food" (Emily Brontë).
Self-denial suggests resisting one's own desires for the achievement of a higher goal: "For too many people, the result of sedentary living is a perennial, losing battle against the bulge: bursts of self-denial interspersed with guilt when self-denial inevitably leads to self-indulgence" (Jane Brody).
Temperance refers to moderation and self-restraint and sobriety to gravity in bearing, manner, or treatment; both nouns denote moderation in or abstinence from consuming alcohol: Teetotalers preach temperance for everyone. "[T]hose moments which would come between the subsidence of actual sobriety and the commencement of intoxication" (Anthony Trollope).
Continence specifically refers to abstaining from sexual activity: The nun took a vow of continence.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.abstinent - a person who refrains from drinking intoxicating beveragesabstinent - a person who refrains from drinking intoxicating beverages
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul - a human being; "there was too much for one person to do"
teetotaler, teetotalist, teetotaller - a total abstainer
Adj.1.abstinent - self-restraining; not indulging an appetite especially for food or drink; "not totally abstinent but abstemious"
abstemious - sparing in consumption of especially food and drink; "the pleasures of the table, never of much consequence to one naturally abstemious"- John Galsworthy
Translations
abstinent

abstinent

[ˈæbstɪnənt] ADJabstinente

abstinent

adjabstinent (geh), → enthaltsam

abstinent

[ˈæbstɪnənt] adjastinente