In a later 1940 statement, the AAUP expressed the norm that academic freedom
guarantees professors "freedom in the classroom in discussing their subject" provided they do not "introduce into their teaching controversial matter which has no relation to their subject.
She challenges the "article of faith" that tenure is essential to protect academic freedom
, and even questions whether academic freedom
is a principle worth defending.
Downs (2009) writes in the Pope Center Series on Higher Education that, "the heart of academic freedom
is the protection of the right of teachers, students, and researchers to express their ideas with intellectual honesty and without fear of reprisal," and adds that instructors "must not seek to indoctrinate students, and they must not present propagandistic or fraudulent material as truthful.
To be simplistic, academic freedom
is the freedom applied within the academic establishment.
They were summarized in classic form by the American Association of University Professors (AAUP) in its 1915 Declaration of Principles on Academic Freedom
and Academic Tenure.
refers to a civil right of academicians to engage in research, teaching, and scholarly production free from control or restraint from their college and university employers (Columbia University Press, 2009).
In a letter to NYU President Andrew Hamilton, 17 academic staff said if the professors were denied visas due to their religious beliefs, it would pose a "significant threat to academic freedom
on that campus".
Leading British academic publisher, Cambridge University Press, that bowed to pressure from Beijing to block online access to hundreds of scholarly articles in China reversed its position and reposted the material on Monday, following an outcry over academic freedom
On June 22, one of them, Mario Vargas Llosa, will join us in Budapest for a conference on the global challenge to academic freedom
Palestine Legal said the university reinstated the student-led course titled "Palestine: A Settler-Colonial Analysis" following an outcry from students and faculty describing the action as a violation of academic freedom
, shocking, and unjustifiable.
Universities Australias Chief Executive Belinda Robinson said it was important to maintain academic freedom
Yesterday, the government took the assault on academic freedom
a step further, firing an additional 100 academics and issuing a travel ban on all professors still employed.