Dark spots on the skin, a condition called acanthosis nigricans
, is another subtle indicator.
It is classified as type 1 when presenting without features of insulin resistance like acanthosis nigricans
and obesity especially in younger age groups.
also was considered because it presents with a velvety brown pigmentation similar to what was seen with this patient.
Keywords: PCOS, acanthosis nigricans
, acne vulgaris, insulin resistance.
Often, affected yet undiagnosed patients might initially seek a dermatology consultation for complaints such as acne, excessive hair growth, thinning of hair on the scalp, skin tags, and a benign skin condition called acanthosis nigricans
, characterized by the darkening and thickening of the skin on the armpits, neck, groin, elbows, knees, knuckles, lips, palms, and/or the soles of the feet." Four forms of PCOS have been identified.
By examining the hair, skin, and nails, we are able to diagnose internal organ diseases such as liver failure (jaundice, veins on stomach), thyroid disease (madarosis), sarcoidosis, and infectious diseases (cutaneous manifestations of HIV), diabetes (acanthosis nigricans
, tripe palm), polycystic ovary syndrome (acne, hirsutism), and porphyria, just to name a few.
(AN) is a condition associated with symmetric hyperpigmentation, varying in color from light brown to black, and epidermal skin thickening (Fig.
Our patient did not show some of the typical features of RMS including coarse face, gingival hyperplasia and acanthosis nigricans
. These three symptoms can be absent in neonates and may develop in adolescence (16).
This condition is a nonspecific dermatological disorder termed acanthosis nigricans
(AN), which often occurs in patients with high insulin levels.
Known as acanthosis nigricans
, they're a warning sign of Type 2 diabetes and, if ignored, can spread over the whole neck.
(AN) is a disease characterized by skin pigmentation, hyperkeratosis, and velvet hyperplasia.
Obesity, acanthosis nigricans
, hyperinsulinism, and disrupted glucose tolerance were found in the patient's parents.