Astrocaryum malybo, locally known as palma estera, is an acaulescent
spiny palm endemic to the warm lowlands of northern Colombia, where it forms small populations in dry or wet forest relicts (Galeano & Bernal, 2010).
Erect herb, aquatic herb, trailing and prostrate herb, cushion plant, tussock graminoid, scattered graminoid, tufted grass, acaulescent
rosettes, and non-vascular plants (values: average [+ o -] standard error).
Vriesea incurvata Gaudich is an herbaceous, acaulescent
, epiphytic bromeliad, reaching 50 cm in height.
phalerata, at the rain forest in Bolivia, (6-8 leaves/year; Paniagua 1998); and it contrasts to the lower leaf production in acaulescent
species as A.
, deciduous herb 13-56 cm in height above ground including the inflorescence.
However, more material was needed to complete the description, especially because the rosette did not show whether it is a caulescent or acaulescent
The former with 40 species is found in most ecosystems in Tropical South-America; it is well diversified in habit, either caespitose or solitary, and develops either large palms, or medium-sized to short-trunked palms with large leaves, or slender palms with medium-sized leaves, or acaulescent
palms with large or with short leaves (Kahn 2008).
subshrubs, cushionforming herbs, acaulescent
, rosulate herbs and vines.
Begonia urophylla (section Gireoudia) is a rhizomatous acaulescent
herb, found from Guatemala to Venezuela, from sea level up to 2000 m (Burt-Utley 1985).
Ammandra decasperma is often acaulescent
, but can develop a prostrate stem.
It encompasses many life forms, from large palms in the forest canopy to small acaulescent
palms hidden in semi-arid shrubby vegetation.
For example, the 'saxophone growth' type (Tomlinson, 1990), which is characterised by a geotropic growth of the trunk in the early stages of development, ensures an effective underground protection of the apical meristem of juvenile palms and acaulescent