accessory nerve


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accessory nerve

n.
Either of the 11th pair of cranial nerves, which convey motor impulses to the pharynx and muscles of the upper thorax, back, and shoulders.

accessory nerve

n
(Anatomy) either one of the eleventh pair of cranial nerves, which supply the muscles of the head, shoulders, larynx, and pharynx and the viscera of the abdomen and thorax

acces′sory nerve`


n.
either one of the 11th pair of cranial nerves found only in mammals, composed of motor fibers that function in speech and swallowing.
[1835–45]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.accessory nerve - arises from two sets of roots (cranial and spinal) that unite to form the nerveaccessory nerve - arises from two sets of roots (cranial and spinal) that unite to form the nerve
cranial nerve - any of the 12 paired nerves that originate in the brain stem
References in periodicals archive ?
Based on the development of microsurgical techniques with knowledge for microanatomy of peripheral nerve, various donors have been found, such as intra- or extra-plexus nerve donor, including accessory nerve transfer, intercostal nerve transfer, and phrenic nerve transfer.
The spinal accessory nerve is a pure motor nerve adjacent to the brachial plexus in the supraclavicular region; it can be directly anastomosed with the brachial plexus12-14.
He also talked about safe control of lymph vessels and preserving the spinal accessory nerve.
The most common injury sites are the brachial plexus and the accessory nerve, the radial and posterior interosseous nerves, the ulnar nerve, and the common peroneal nerve [7].
In these types of late presentations, CT/MRI is useful to distinguish between other cystic neck lesions and to avoid complications like injury to carotids, spinal accessory nerve, hypoglossal nerve.
We conducted a study to evaluate the hypothesis that the preservation of cervical root branches of the cervical plexus is associated with greater shoulder mobility, less loss of face and neck sensation, and better quality of life (QoL) following functional neck dissection in which the spinal accessory nerve is spared.
The findings on repetitive stimulation studies of the accessory nerve were also normal.
The sigmoid sinus, inferior petrosal sinus, meningeal branches of occipital and ascending pharyngeal arteries, glossopharyngeal nerve, vagus nerve and accessory nerve with their ganglia traverse the foramen.
Spinal accessory nerve schwannoma involving the jugular foramen.
Furthermore, a report of an ultrasound examination of accessory nerve lesions due to trauma in four cases, showed the feasibility of using this technique for the detection of pathological changes in the nerve following surgical procedures.
suggested a modified dissection preserving the jugular vein sternocleidomastoid muscle and spinal accessory nerve based on an understanding of the facial planes and lymphatic anatomy of the neck.
The mandibular canal is referred to as a bilateral single structure; however, reports in the literature clearly show the presence of a second or even a third accessory nerve branch.

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