acciaccatura

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Related to acciaccaturas: Appoggiaturas
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acciaccatura
left: C note without acciaccatura
bottom: C note with acciaccatura

ac·ciac·ca·tu·ra

 (ä-chä′kə-to͝or′ə)
n. Music
An ornament note that is one half step or one whole step higher or lower than a principal note and is sounded at the same time as the principal note, adding dissonance to a harmony.

[Italian, a crushing, acciaccatura, from acciaccare, to crush, weaken, from acciacco, ailment, from Spanish achaque, ailment, defect, excuse, from achacar, to blame, from Arabic al-šakwa, the complaint : al-, the + šakwa, complaint, grievance (from šakā, to complain, suffer).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

acciaccatura

(ɑːˌtʃɑːkɑːˈtʊərə)
n, pl -ras or -re (-reɪ; -riː)
1. (Classical Music) a small grace note melodically adjacent to a principal note and played simultaneously with or immediately before it
2. (Classical Music) (in modern music) a very short appoggiatura
[C18: Italian: literally, a crushing sound]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ac•ciac•ca•tu•ra

(əˌtʃɑ kəˈtʊər ə)

n., pl. -tu•ras, -tu•re (-ˈtʊər eɪ, -ˈtʊər i)
a short grace note one half step below, and struck at the same time as, a principal note.
[1875–80; < Italian: literally, a pounding, crushing =acciacc(are) to crush, bruise + -atura (see -ate1, -ure)]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.acciaccatura - an embellishing note usually written in smaller sizeacciaccatura - an embellishing note usually written in smaller size
musical note, note, tone - a notation representing the pitch and duration of a musical sound; "the singer held the note too long"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
acciaccatura
References in periodicals archive ?
To emulate the rock aesthetic: employ a more natural, conversational vocal production; deemphasize classical virtuosity and formality in matters of pitch, vibrato, structure, and rhythm; be available to respond to the impulse to move; stylize, using ornamentations (e.g., neighbor notes, appoggiaturas, acciaccaturas, inverted rhythms, inverted pitches, and ladders) in a manner consistent with rock; add, delete, or alter lyrics as needed; and experiment with intriguing and compelling breathing patterns.
The latter is especially pertinent given Pasquini's lively bass lines and his authorship of a lost treatise of "Rules for playing the harpsichord or organ well." Nigito here focuses on the use of acciaccaturas and Pasquini's appearance as an exemplar in later treatises by Benedetto Marcello and Francesco Gasparini.