acetyl group

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Related to acetyl group: acetylation, acetylcholine, pyruvate, methylation, lysine
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Noun1.acetyl group - the organic group of acetic acid (CH3CO-)acetyl group - the organic group of acetic acid (CH3CO-)
acyl, acyl group - any group or radical of the form RCO- where R is an organic group; "an example of the acyl group is the acetyl group"
References in periodicals archive ?
Polyphenols share a common structural component: a phenol or an aromatic ring, usually two, with at least one hydroxyl, methyl, or acetyl group linked via a three-carbon bond to form a six-unit heterocyclic ring.
For instance, tacking an acetyl group onto the histone H3 protein at a specific spot is associated with increased gene activity, but switching the acetyl group for a couple of methyl groups can reduce gene activity.
The presence of the acetyl group in the xylan backbone hinders the complete degradation of hemicellulose; consequently, the removal of the acetyl group is a very important step in many industrial applications which utilize plant biomass, including biofuel production systems (Biely, 1985).
504 ppm is due to three protons of acetyl group as singlet at 4 positions in the molecule.
99, and m+n+p [approximately equal to] 1; a polyethylene oxide fluid having the general formula R1(CH2CH20)zR2, wherein R1 is allyl and R2 is selected from H, a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms, an unsaturated hydrocarbon group, and an acetyl group (CH3C0--), and z is such that the polyethylene oxide fluid typically has a molecular weight of SO to 5000 g/mol; and a solvent; and removing the solvent and curing the silses-quioxane resin to form an ARC on the electronic device; forming a resist image over the ARC and etching a pattern in the anti-reflective film.
In our lab, a novel enzyme Acetoxcy Drug: Protein Transacetylase (TAase), catalyzing transfer of acetyl group from various polyphenolic peracetate (PA) to certain receptor proteins such as cytochromes P-450, NADPH cytochrome reductase, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) has been established.
The only structural difference among these two compounds is that ATS has one acetyl group at position 3 (C-ring), whereas QTS possesses a sulphate group at the same position, which is more polar than ATS.
C, HULTMAN, E, 1991, Acetyl Group Accumulation and Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Activity in Human Muscle During Incremental Execise, Acta Physiol Scand 143: 367-372
In one of the new studies, Sassone-Corsi's group shows that SIRT1 acts as tick to CLOCK's tock, removing an acetyl group from histones and also from CLOCK's partner BMAL1.
The recent observation showing acetylation of proteins by calreticulin (an endoplasmic reticulum resident protein) with a high efficiency when polyphenolic acetates are the acetyl group donating molecules and acetyl CoA as weak substrate extends the realm of protein acetylation beyond HAT/HDAC combination.